Of suffocated hearts and tortured souls: seeking subjecthood through madness in francophone women's writing of Africa and the Caribbean
Female characters who suffer madness and insanity are strikingly prominent in novels by women writers of Africa and the Caribbean. To find out why there are so many 'suffocated hearts and tortured souls' in this literature, Valerie Orlando, who has long studied Francophone text and culture, here closely reads the work of Aminata Sow Fall, Mariama B%, Myrian Warner-Vieyra, and Simone Schwarz-Bart, among others. In these women's novels, Orlando finds, madness is the manifestation of a split identity, and in this study she sets herself the task of interrogating the nature of that identity. Francophone women novelists of Africa and the Caribbean though they come from countries whose unique experiences of colonialism, revolution, and postcolonial regimes have shaped specific and discrete cultures express a common search for a meaningful relationship between their experience as women to the history and destiny of their nations. Only when 'woman'' is understood not as an ahistorical object but as a subject whose lived body is entwined with political, cultural, and economic structures, Orlando argues, will insanity finally give way to clarity of being. Interweaving literary citations with theoretical discussion, Suffocated Hearts and Tortured Souls is just as much a masterful explication of profoundly affecting literary work as it is an essential addition to feminist scholarship and theory.
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Mediating Identity in Foreign Spaces
Reconciliation Feminine Utopias
Introduction to State I
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African Algerian women alienation Aminata Sow Fall Amour Anna-Claude Assia Djebar Ba's becomes Beur Beyala body Bouraoui La Voyeuse Cajou Caledu Calixthe Beyala Caribbean Chant ecarlate Chauvet Claire Claire-Solange Claire's Colere colonial creole cultural defines diaspora Douceurs Duvalier etait exile Fanon father feels Felix Guattari female feminine femme Fikria Folie foreign France Francophone Women Frantz Fanon French gender Gilles Deleuze Grotte eclatee Guadeloupe Guadeloupian Haiti Haitian heroine heroine's Houari Hucquart identity ideology insanity Jean Luze Juletane Juletane's Lacascade Lacascade's novel Lacrosil literary Literature lives madness Maghreb marginalization Marie Chauvet Martinique masculine Mechakra mental Mireille mulatto multicultural Negritude nomadic novelists Ousmane Paris Pluie et vent political postcolonial protagonist race racial Schwarz-Bart Senegal Senegalese sexual skin color social society sociocultural Sow Fall space story Tanga Telumee Thomas Szasz traditional University Press violence voice Warner-Vieyra woman women authors Women Writers writing young Zeida