Official financing: recent developments and selected issues
International Monetary Fund, 2003 - Business & Economics - 90 pages
Whilst private finance sources (including foreign direct investment, bank lending and international bond issuance) make up most of the resource flows to middle income developing countries and transition economies, heavily indebted poor countries (HIPCs) rely largely on official development finance for investment. This report assesses developments in official financing to developing countries during the years 2000 to 2002, using current official data available up to December 2003. Issues discussed include export credits and debt restructuring with Paris Club and other bilateral creditors, trade finance in financial crises, the challenge of maintaining external debt sustainability in debtor countries, debt relief and new aid flows.
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Recent Developments in Export Credits
Financing from Multilateral Institutions
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Agreed Minute arrears AsDB Benin Berne Union Billions of U.S. Burkina Faso Cameroon CD CD CD CM CM Cologne terms commercial commitments completion point Congo consolidation period context Cote d'lvoire coun crisis cutoff date debt relief debt restructuring debt service debt sustainability debtor country decision point developing countries disbursements ECAs economic enhanced HIPC Initiative export credit agencies external debt falling due flow rescheduling grace period Guinea-Bissau Heavily indebted poor International lending lnternational loans London terms low-income countries Lyon terms maturities Mauritania MDGs ments moratorium interest Mozambique Naples terms nonconcessional NPV terms OECD Official bilateral official development option Paris Club Paris Club creditors Paris Club rescheduling payments percent Post-cutoff date debt Pre-cutoff date debt previously rescheduled recipients repayment rescheduling agreements Senegal Short-term Stock Stock-of-Debt Operations Table terms7 Toronto terms tors trade finance U.S. dollars World Bank Zambia