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Joaquín Mortiz, 2003 - Fiction - 368 pages
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Novela que está basada en un hecho histórico: el levantamiento de los indios chamulas, en San Cristóbal, en 1867. Este hecho culminó con la crucifixión de un indio al que proclamaron los amotinados como el Cristo Indígena. Por un momento, y por ese hecho, los chamulas se sintieron iguales a los blancos. En palabras de su autora: "intenté penetrar en las circunstancias, entender los móviles y captar la psicología de los personajes que intervinieron en estos acontecimientos. A medida que avanzaba, me di cuenta que la lógica histórica es absolutamente distinta de la literaria; abandoné el suceso real. Lo trasladé de tiempo a la época de Cárdenas, momento en el que, según todas las apariencias, va a efectuarse la reforma agraria en Chiapas. Hecho que produce malestar entre los que poseen la tierra y los que aspiran a poseerla: entre blancos e indios."

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"Mexican history could be represented by the gradual expansion of a circle: that of the owners of wealth. From the conquistadores to the monks to the Spanish colonists to the criollos, ... there was ... Read full review

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About the author (2003)

Rosaroio Castellanos always enjoyed a comfortable middle-class existence; yet she early emerged in her writing as an eloquent spokesperson for the feminist movements that began to gain currency in the 1950s. But Castellanos moved beyond feminist concerns of her own class to speak for marginal or subaltern Mexican women, most significantly for the indigenous women whom the culture had mythified, stereotyped, or simply overlooked. Castellanos was especially successful in thematizing the multileveled, conflictual relationships between indigenous and middle-class women. The Nine Guardians (1957) is autobiographical in nature, drawing on childhood memories of Castellanos's contacts in southeast Mexico, near the Guatemalan border, with indigenous society. Other novels deal in complex and innovative ways with the roles of indigenous culture and of women in contemporary Mexican society. Castellanos published numerous volumes of poetry, and her drama The Eternal Feminine included a Rosario Castellanos Reader (1975), is considered one of the most innovative and influential feminist texts in Latin American literature. Castellanos, who also produced a steady output of perceptive essays, was Mexico's ambassador to Israel While she was ambassador, Castellanos died in Israel having been accidentally electrocuted.

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