Oil Monarchies: Domestic and Security Challenges in the Arab Gulf States
Council on Foreign Relations, 1994 - History - 237 pages
This timely book demystifies the politics of Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, and Oman, and focuses on the new pressures that have emerged since the Gulf War. Gause illuminates the foreign policy tightrope these states walk in the Middle East: self-defense is problematic, regional pressures translate directly into the domestic arena, and relations with the United States cause as well as solve many problems. Gause examines the interplay of Islamic fundamentalism, tribalism, and, most importantly, oil wealth that has determined the power structure of the Gulf monarchies. He shows what influences really drive politics in the Middle East as well as how U.S. foreign policy must respond to them in order to forge more meaningful ties with each country and preserve the stability of a fragile region that is vital to U.S. interests.
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activists al-Hayat al-Saqr al-Sharq al-'Awsat amir Arab monarchies Arab-Israeli Arabian Peninsula arms Bahrain Basic System billion British cAbd al-cAziz challenge chapter citizens Consultative Council countries crisis culama defense demands discussed domestic economic elections emirates establishment forces foreign policy Gulf monarchies Gulf War Ibadi ideological important institutions invasion of Kuwait Iran Iran-Iraq war Iranian Iranian Revolution Iraq Iraqi invasion Islamic groups Islamist issues King Fahd kingdom labor majlis major ment Middle East military ministers ministries mosque movements Muslim Muslim Brotherhood National October officials oil boom oil prices oil revenues oil wealth Omani opposition organizations particularly percent Personal interviews petition political groups political system population Qatar regimes regional religious rentier Riyad role rulers ruling family Sabah Sacud Saddam Saudi Arabia sector Shaykh Shici social society stability Sultan Sunni tion tribalism and Islam tribes United Wahhabi Yemen York
Page 9 - The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is a federation of seven emirates: Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras al-Khaimah, Sharjah, and Umm al-Qaiwain. The individual emirates maintain considerable power over their own legal and economic affairs. Oil revenues...
Page 30 - Muslims have made clear. Therefore we are never interested in any way, shape or form with those who want to say that this country is a backward country. . . . Why are we backward or underdeveloped? Because we hold fast to the Book of God and the Sunna of His Prophet?
Page 218 - PILLARS), is an elaborate series of rites, requiring several days for their accomplishment, performed at the Grand Mosque of Mecca and in the immediate environs of the city, at a particular moment of the Islamic year, which, because of the lunar calendar, advances some ten days each each year. The hajj is obligatory upon those who can "make their way
Page 204 - Hazem Beblawi and Giacomo Luciani, eds.. The Rentier State (London: Croom Helm, 1987); H. Mandavi, "The Pattern and Problems of Economic Development in Rentier States: the Case of Iran," in Studies in the Economic History of the Middle East, Michael Cook, ed.
Page 215 - ... 1991; World Bank, World Development Report, 1989 (New York: Oxford University Press for World Bank, 1989); and International Mone-tary Fund, International Financial Statistics Yearbook—1990 (Washington, DC: IMF, 1990). Information on ethnic and sectarian composition of populations taken from James A. Bill, "Resurgent Islam in the Persian Gulf,
Page 78 - ... is to the system, not to individuals in power. A lot of scheming may be expected to go on in allocation states along the time-honoured pattern of court politics, but this will seldom, if ever, develop into a truly political debate. Democracy is not a problem for allocation states. Although they may find it expedient to set up some kind of representative body to vent and control some of the resentment that even court politics generates...
Page 142 - In a statement to the press immediately after the war, Saudi Defense Minister Prince Sultan referred to a commitment on the part of the United States to withdraw its forces from the kingdom once their mission was...
Page 202 - Yehoshua Porath, In Search of Arab Unity: 1930-1945 (London: Frank Cass, 1986).