Old Age in Late Medieval England

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University of Pennsylvania Press, 1996 - History - 260 pages
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In Old Age in Late Medieval England, Joel T. Rosenthal explores the life spans, sustained activities, behaviors, and mentalites of the individuals who approached and who passed the biblically stipulated span of three score and ten in late medieval England. Drawing on a wide variety of documentary and court records (which were, however, more likely to specify with precision an individual's age on reaching majority or inheriting property than on the occasion of his or her death) as well as literary and didactic texts, he examines "old age" as a social construct and web of behavioral patterns woven around a biological phenomenon.

Focusing on "lived experience" in late medieval England, Rosenthal uses demographic and quantitative records, family histories, and biographical information to demonstrate that many people lived into their sixth, seventh, and occasionally eighth decades. Those who survived might well live to know their grandchildren. This view of a society composed of the aged as well as of the young and the middle aged is reinforced by an examination of peers, bishops, and members of parliament and urban office holders, for whom demographic and career-length information exists. Many individuals had active careers until near the end of their lives; the aged were neither rarities nor outcasts within their world. Late medieval society recognized the concept of retirement, of old age pensions, and of the welcome release from duty for those who had served over the decades.

 

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Contents

Some Data and Data Sets
7
Proofs of Age and the Culture of Attesting to Age
33
ThreeGeneration Families The Old and the Young
55
ThreeGeneration Family Links and Last Wills
69
Full Lives and Careers Some Case Studies
91
Careers and Case Studies of the Peers
115
The Bishops
135
The Length of Lives
156
Searching for a Context
169
Notes
191
ThreeGeneration Family Links and Some
209
Bibliography
235
Index
255
Copyright

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Page 242 - The Piety of John Brunham's Daughter, of Lynn," in Medieval Women, ed. Derek Baker (Oxford: Basil Blackwell for The Ecclesiastical History Society, 1978), 34758 (356).

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