Old buildings looking for new use: 61 examples of regional architecture between tradition and modernity
The regions of Europe have an architectural heritage that is a thousand years old; today's challenge is to integrate this heritage into contemporary life in a sustainable way. From the first, architecture has always aimed to adapt to the way of life of the society it serves, but few buildings have come down to us intact and as they were originally designed. Since the second half of the 19th century the speeding-up of history has increased the rhythm of change and has led to continual restructuring, extension and conversion. These changes have brought about the use of more and more innovative techniques, based on flexibility and reversibility, but the weight of materials, the time needed to implement these programmes, financial constraints and cultural compartmentalisation have deferred many of these projects and left us with a museum heritage frozen in time and quite unrelated to the original purpose of the buildings. What can be done with buildings looking for new use -- a fortress without an army, a château without a lord, a workshop without an artisan, a factory without workers, or even an abbey without monks or a church without a congregation? The rise of a new national or international style or the creation of innovative techniques does not necessarily damage the integrity of a place. Modern techniques and materials, such as glass and steel, have a transparency, lightness, flexibility and reversibility that make them highly suitable for integrative undertakings. The examples presented in this book all demonstrate a desire to be considered as "local" projects and to take their place in an evolutionary interpretation of history. After more than a century of conflicting debate on the subject of rehabilitation, it seems that the aims expressed in the Charter of Venice have borne fruit by giving rise to quality and personalised buildings that themselves are a contribution to this debate.
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Musée des Tumulus Bougon France
Palazzo della Pilotta Galleria Nazionale Parma ltaly
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abattoir amidst Archaeological museum arches architecture awning Axonometric section barn baroque Bedroom beneath brick bridge built Burgundy Cafe canopy castle Catalonia chapel Choir church Civitavecchia cloister colours contemporary crenellated cultural curtain wall Cyclades dwelling echo fagade floor footbridge framework France Architect gallery Germany Architects glass roof Gothic grey steel heritage Heritage interpretation immense industrial integration Latium lattice Living space ltaly Architect main courtyard massive medieval memory Mercedes Vostell Collection monastery monumental Museo ochre optic fibres original overhead lighting painted metal palace Parvis patio piers pithead frames plan 1 Access Plan 1 Entrance Poitou Pop Art projects rebuilt regions remains rhythm Rocamadour Romanesque ruins scale sculptural Shuttered concrete wall smooth Spain Architect spiral staircase stone structures symbolic Technical blocks Temporary exhibition room Terrace texture theatre Ticino tion tithe barn toilets toughened glass tower town transparent Transverse section Vostell Collection Room Wolf and Mercedes Wolf Vostell wood wooden