In De architectura (c.40 BC), Vitruvius discusses in ten encyclopedic chapters aspects of Roman architecture, engineering and city planning. Vitruvius also included a section on human proportions. Because it is the only antique treatise on architecture to have survived, De architectura has been an invaluable source of information for scholars. The rediscovery of Vitruvius during the Renaissance greatly fuelled the revival of classicism during that and subsequent periods. Numerous architectural treatises were based in part or inspired by Vitruvius, beginning with Leon Battista Alberti's De re aedificatoria (1485).
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From Vitruvius to the Renaissance
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abacus analemma ancient aperture architect architecture architrave areas axle ballista Barbaro base Basilica beams blocks Book bottom breadth brick bronze buildings built capital cella centre CHAPTER chorobates circumference colonnaded courtyards columns compluvium constellation constructed Corinthian cornices Ctesibius cymatium Daniele Barbaro dentils described diameter diatessaron disc Doric Doric order earth elements entablature fašade face feet fire foot Fra Giocondo frieze Greeks call half heat height hole horizontal intercolumniations Ionic joists laid length lime located machines masonry metopes middle modular system module moisture mortar moulding mutules nature opus Palladio pavement peripteral placed Plate portico principles projection pronaus proportions prostyle pulley-block pulleys rafters revetments Roman roof ropes sand scorpio side space square stage-set stone stylobate surface tablinum temple tetrastyle theatre thickness treatise triglyphs Tuscan types upper vaults vertical Vitruvian Vitruvius volutes walls water clock water-organ windlass winds wooden