On China

Front Cover
Penguin Books, 2012 - History - 604 pages
Afterword to the paperback edition, p. [531]-548."First published in the United States of America by The Penguin Press, a member of Penguin Group (USA) Inc. 2011. Published with a new afterword in Penguin Books 2012"--T.p. verso. Includes bibliographical notes (p. [549]-584) and index. Tablet of Contents: The singularity of China. The era of Chinese preeminence ; Confucianism ; Concepts of international relations : impartiality or equality? ; Chinese Realpolitik and Sun Tzu's Art of War -- The Kowtow question and the opium war. The Macartney mission ; The clash of two world orders : The Opium War ; Qiying's diplomacy : soothing the barbarians -- From preeminence to decline. Wei Yuan's blueprint : "Using barbarians against barbarians," learning their techniques ; The erosion of authority : domestic upheavals and the challenge of foreign encroachments ; Managing decline ; The challenge of Japan ; Korea ; The Boxer Uprising and the new era of warring states -- Mao's continuous revolution. Mao and the great harmony ; Mao and international relations : the empty city stratagem, Chinese deterrence, and the quest for psychological advantage ; The continuous revolution and the Chinese people -- Triangular diplomacy and the Korean War. Acheson and the lure of Chinese Titoism ; Kim Il-sung and the outbreak of war ; American intervention : resisting aggression ; Chinese reactions : another approach to deterrence ; Sino-American confrontation -- China confronts both superpowers. The first Taiwan Strait crisis ; Diplomatic interlude with the United States ; Mao, Khrushchev, and the Sino-Soviet split ; The second Taiwan Strait crisis -- A decade of crises. The great leap forward ; The Himalayan border dispute and the 1962 Sino-Indian War ; The cultural revolution ; Was there a lost opportunity? -- The road to reconciliation. The Chinese strategy ; The American strategy ; First steps : clashes at the Ussuri River -- Resumption of relations : first encounters with Mao and Zhou. Zhou Enlai ; Nixon in China : the meeting with Mao ; The Nixon-Zhou dialogue ; The Shanghai communiqu©♭ ; The aftermath -- The quasi-alliance : conversations with Mao. The "horizontal line" : Chinese approaches to containment ; The impact of Watergate -- The end of the Mao era. The succession crisis ; The fall of Zhou Enlai ; Final meetings with Mao : the swallows and the coming of the storm -- The indestructible Deng. Deng's first return to power ; The death of leaders : Hua Guofeng ; Deng's ascendance : "reform and opening up" -- "Touching the tiger's buttocks" : the third Vietnam War. Vietnam : confounder of great powers ; Deng's foreign policy : dialogue with America and normalization ; Deng's journeys ; Deng's visit to America and the new definition of Alliance ; The third Vietnam War -- Reagan and the advent of normalcy. Taiwan arms sales and the third communiqu©♭ ; China and the superpowers : the new equilibrium ; Deng's reform program -- Tiananmen. American dilemmas ; The Fang Lizhi controversy ; The 12- and 24-character statements -- What kind of reform? Deng's southern tour -- A roller coaster ride toward another reconciliation : the Jiang Zemin era. China and the disintegrating Soviet Union ; The Clinton administration and China policy ; The third Taiwan Strait crisis ; China's resurgence and Jiang's reflections -- The new millennium. Differences in perspective ; How to define strategic opportunity ; The national destiny debate : the triumphalist view ; Dai Bingguo : a reaffirmation of peaceful rise -- Epilogue : Does history repeat itself? The Crowe memorandum. Toward a Pacific community? -- Afterword to the paperback edition.

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About the author (2012)

HENRY KISSINGER served as National Security Advisor and then Secretary of State under Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford and has advised many other American presidents on foreign policy. He received the 1973 Nobel Peace Prize, the Presidential Medal of Freedom, and the Medal of Liberty, among other awards. He is the author of numerous books on foreign policy and diplomacy and is currently the chairman of Kissinger Associates, Inc., an international consulting firm.

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