On Barbarian Identity: Critical Approaches to Ethnicity in the Early Middle Ages
Isd, 2002 - History - 265 pages
Ethnicity has been central to medieval studies since the Goths, Franks, Alamanni and other barbarian settlers of the Roman empire were first seen as part of Germanic antiquity. Today, two paradigms dominate interpretation of barbarian Europe. In history, theories of how tribes formed ('ethnogenesis') assert the continuity of Germanic identities from prehistory through the Middle Ages, and see cultural rather than biological factors as the means of preserving these identities. In archaeology, the 'culture history' approach has long claimed to be able to trace movements of peoples not attested in the historical record, by identifying ethnically-specific material goods. The papers in this volume challenge the concepts and methodologies of these two models. The authors explore new ways to understand barbarians in the early Middle Ages, and to analyse the images of the period constructed by modern scholarship. Two responses, one by a leading exponent of the 'ethnogenesis' approach, the other by a leading critic, continue this important debate.
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Does the Distant Past Impinge on the Invasion Age Germans?
Reinhard Wenskus on Ethnogenesis
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Alamanni Alaric Alaric's ancient archaeological cultures archaeology barbarian groups Bavarian Berlin Burgundian century concept Cone dating formulae debate discourse dominus noster early medieval ethnic groups ethnic identity ethnic titles ethnogenesis ethnogenesis model ethnogenesis theory ethnos evidence EXAMPLES Finnish Flavius Frankish Franks Gaul Geary gens Germanen germanische Geschichte Getica Gothic Goths Goths and Romans Gregory of Tours Heather Helsinki Herwig Wolfram historians ideas idem ideology Inscriptions interpretation Intitulatio Italy Jordanes Jordanes's Kalevala kingdoms kings kingship Kulikowski Langobardorum Late Antiquity linguistic Lombard Merovingian Michael Kulikowski migration modern myth narrative nationalist origin Origo et religio Origo gentis Ostrogothic Paul the Deacon political recent references regis rex Francorum Roman Empire royal rulers scholars settlement Slavic Slavs social sources Stamm Stammesbildung und Verfassung Strategies of Distinction term texts Theoderic titulature tradition Traditionskern tribal tribes Urheimat Vandals Visigothic Walter Goffart Walter Pohl Wenskus Wenskus's Zeiss
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