On the Beauties, Harmonies, and Sublimities of Nature (2)

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General Books LLC, 2009 - Nature - 254 pages
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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1823 Excerpt: ...and the Spaniards4 named the Azores from the number of their hawks. Both animals are now greatly diminished. Grouse are not so common in Europe as formerly: and the cock of the wood seldom delights the sportsman, even in the highlands of Scotland. The stag has been extirpated in Russia: and the cruelties of Edward the First in Wales were almost atoned for by the entire extirpation of wolves. The beaver was known in Wales during the reign of Howel DM; but, that it was even then rare, may be inferred from its skin being valued at a hundred-and-twenty pence. Eagles were once frequent inhabitants of Snowdon and Cader Idris. On the latter it is now never seen; and on the former not once in twenty years. Deer, too, were so numerous in the forests of Snowdonia, that they were extirpated by royal authority, for the injury they did to the trees and corn. VI. Bears, wolves, foxes, stags, weasels, and bush-cats, are said to be the only animals, that strictly belong to the two continents of America and Africa; while the hare, fox, bear, wolf, elk, and roebuck, are equal inhabitants of the northern parts of America, Europe, and Asia. Buffon has observed, that not one animal is common to the torrid zone of the old and new continents; and M. Latreille and M. Cuvier assert, that no quadruped, no terrestrial bird, no reptile, and no insect, are common to the equatorial regions of the two worlds. This can be allowed only with exceptions. It is true the king of vultures and the armadillo are peculiar to Southern America; and the zebra is equally unknown out of Africa, where it is seen to frequent districts, so widely apart as Congo, Ethiopia, and the neighbourhood of the Cape. It is true, also, that the antelope is a stranger in America, and that the humming-bird is never see...

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