## On the Continuity of the Gaseous and Liquid StatesThis much-cited thesis by J. D. van der Waals, the recipient of the 1910 Nobel Prize in physics, is accompanied by an introductory essay by J. S. Rowlinson and another work by van der Waals on the theory of liquid mixtures. 1988 edition. |

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### Contents

The thesis of 1873 | 11 |

18731914 | 18 |

19141945 | 35 |

Van der Waals Redux | 46 |

Conclusion | 89 |

Title page | 122 |

Derivation of the fundamental equation of the isotherm | 129 |

Analytical expression for the molecular pressure | 139 |

Applications of the isotherm | 175 |

The value of K | 209 |

Application to thermodynamics | 220 |

Pressure of the saturated vapour | 232 |

Conclusion | 239 |

Some remarks on the form of the spinodal curve | 276 |

Name Index | 283 |

293 | |

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Akad Amsterdam approximation atoms attractive forces binodal curve Boltzmann calculation carbon dioxide Chem Clausius co-existing phases components consider constant critical point critical temperature denotes density determined distance edition equal equation equilibrium expansion experimental experiments exponents expression external Faraday fluid free energy function gaseous gases given hard spheres heat integral intermolecular forces Ising model isotherm J.D. Bernal J.S. Rowlinson Joule Kamerlingh Onnes kinetic energy later lattice layer Leiden Lennard-Jones Lennard-Jones potential liquid M.E. Fisher mean-field molecules motion number of molecules obtained paper parameters particles Philos Phys Physics potential energy Proc quantity R.H. Fowler Rayleigh Regnault reprinted saturated vapour statistical mechanics substance surface tension tangent plane term theory thermodynamic thesis Thomson Trans translation tricritical point Unabridged republication van der Waals vapour pressure virial coefficient volume Waals Waals's Weten Widom Zeit zero