On the Ideological Front: The Russian Intelligentsia and the Making of the Soviet Public Sphere
Having emerged, exhausted but triumphant, from the bloody and divisive Russian Civil War, V. I. Lenin and his colleagues turned to eliminating perceived ideological foes from within. In On the Ideological Front, Stuart Finkel tells the story of the1922 expulsion from Soviet Russia of almost one hundred prominent intellectuals, including professors and journalists, philosophers and engineers, writers and agronomists. Finkels meticulously researched and persuasively argued study sets this compelling human drama within the context of the Bolsheviks determined efforts to impose ideological conformity, redefine the role of the intelligentsia, and establish a distinctly Soviet public sphere. The book demonstrates that the NEP period was not a time of intellectual pluralism and ideological retreat on the part of the Bolsheviks. On the contrary, from its formative years, the Soviet regime zealously policed the ideological front and laid the institutional and discursive foundations for the Stalinist state.
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activities Agitprop agronomists All-Russian anti-Soviet arrested August autonomy Berdiaev Bolshevik bourgeois Bulgakov Cheka Commissar committee Communist conﬂict cooperative counterrevolutionary critical cultural December deportation difﬁcult doma literatorov Dostoevsky Dzerzhinskii émigré exile expulsion famine relief February ﬁnal ﬁrst GARF Glavlit Glavprofobr Gorky Gosizdat groups higher education House of Litterateurs Iakovleva ideological Il’in inﬂuence institutions intellectuals intelligentsia istorii Izgoev journals July Kadet Kamenev Kuskova leaders Lenin literary literatury Losskii Lunacharskii Lutokhin Mel’gunov Mensheviks Moscow MVTU Narkompros NKVD NKVD commission ofﬁcial organizations Orgburo Osorgin party Petrograd Petrograd University physicians Pirogov Pitirim Sorokin Politburo Politburo protocols political Politotdel Pomoshch Pravda Presidium professoriat professors public ﬁgures public sphere publishers rector Revolution RGASPI f.17 Rossii Russian scientiﬁc September 1922 signiﬁcant smenovekhovtsy social socialist Society Sorokin Soviet regime Sovnarkom spetsy Stepun Stratonov tion Tolstoyans TsMAM Union of Writers Unshlikht vekh Vekhi Vestnik Voronskii VTsIK VTsSPS VUZy Vysylka Whiteguard Zadruga Zamiatin zhizn Zinoviev