On the Medieval Theory of Signs
Umberto Eco, Costantino Marmo
John Benjamins Publishing, Jan 1, 1989 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 224 pages
In the course of the long debate on the nature and the classification of signs, from Boethius to Ockham, there are at least three lines of thought: the Stoic heritage, that influences Augustine, Abelard, Francis Bacon; the Aristotelian tradition, stemming from the commentaries on De Interpretatione; the discussion of the grammarians, from Priscian to the Modistae. Modern interpreters are frequently misled by the fact that the various authors regularly used the same terms. Such a homogeneous terminology, however, covers profound theoretical differences. The aim of these essays is to show that the medieval theory of signs does not represent a unique body of semiotic notions: there are diverse and frequently alternative semiotic theories. This book thus represents an attempt to encourage further research on the still unrecognized variety of the semiotic approaches offered by the medieval philosophies of language.
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Abelard abstract alia aliquid aliquo anima animal Aquinas Aristotelian Aristotle Augustine autem Bacon Boethius classification of signs cognitive con concepts connotation Dacia denotare denotation distinction Duns Scotus Enders enim entities exist extensional fact formalities grammar grammarians Henry of Ghent Hobbes homo iconic ideo illa illud impositio individual intelligible species intensional interpretation interpretatione knowledge latratus linguistic signs logical Martin of Dacia meaning medieval mental language modi significandi modistic modo modum natural signs naturaliter nomen noun object Ockham omnis ontological Periherm Peter of Spain phantasm philosophical Pinborg placitum possible intellect potest praedicatum predicated Priscian problem proposition quae quaedam quam quia quod Radulphus Brito reality reference relation Rijk Roger Bacon secundum semantic semiotic sense sensible species sicut sig signa significat signify signum sive Summa sunt suppositio supposition tarnen theory things Thomas Thomas of Erfurt tion tradition universal verbum vocem voces vox significativa words