On the Origin of Species: By Means of Natural Selection, Or, the Preservation of Favored Races in the Struggle for Life
Appleton, 1883 - Всего страниц: 458
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according action adapted admit advantage allied America amount animals appear become believe belonging birds breeds called cause certain characters climate closely colour common considered continued crossed descendants developed difficulty distinct domestic doubt effects existing extinct extremely facts families favourable fertility flowers follow formations forms genera genus give given groups habits hand Hence hybrids important increase individuals inhabitants inherited insects instance instincts intermediate islands kind known laws less living look male manner means modified namely natural selection naturalists nearly never observed occur offspring organs origin parent perfect period plants points present preserved principle probably produced range ranked reason remarked resemblance respect seeds seems seen separated shown side similar single slight sometimes species stage sterility structure successive supposed tend theory variability variations varieties various vary whole widely young
Стр. 65 - It may be said that natural selection is daily and hourly scrutinising, throughout the world, every variation, even the slightest; rejecting that which is bad, preserving and adding up all that is good; silently and insensibly working, whenever and wherever opportunity offers, at the improvement of each organic being in relation to its organic and inorganic conditions of life.
Стр. 104 - The green and budding twigs may represent existing species, and those produced during former years may represent the long succession of extinct species. At each period of growth all the growing twigs have tried to branch out on all sides, and to overtop and kill the surrounding twigs and branches, in the same manner as species and groups of species have at all times overmastered other species in the great battle for life.
Стр. 57 - Newman, who has long attended to the habits of humble-bees believes that 'more than two-thirds of them are thus destroyed all over England'.
Стр. 23 - ... that which enables the agriculturist not only to modify the character of his flock, but to change it altogether. It is the magician's wand, by means of which he may summon into life whatever form and mould he pleases.
Стр. 146 - If it could be demonstrated that any complex organ existed which could not possibly have been formed by numerous, successive, slight modifications, my theory would absolutely break down.
Стр. 50 - But a plant on the edge of a desert is said to struggle for life against the drought, though more properly it should be said to be dependent on the moisture.
Стр. 429 - These laws, taken in the largest sense, being Growth with reproduction; Inheritance which is almost implied by reproduction; Variability from the indirect and direct action of the conditions of life, and from use and disuse...
Стр. 104 - The limbs divided into great branches, and these into lesser and lesser branches, were themselves once, when the tree was young, budding twigs; and this connection of the former and present buds, by ramifying branches, may well represent the classification of all extinct and living species in groups subordinate to groups.
Стр. 425 - Nevertheless all living things have much in common, in their chemical composition, their cellular structure, their laws of growth, and their liability to injurious influences.
Стр. 2 - ... species had not been independently created, but had descended, like varieties, from other species. Nevertheless, such a conclusion, even if well founded, would be unsatisfactory, until it could be shown how the innumerable species inhabiting this world have been modified so as to acquire that perfection of structure and co-adaptation which justly excites our admiration.