On the General Theory of Proportion in Architectural Design: And Its Exemplification in Detail in the Parthenon

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J. Weale, 1863 - Architecture - 20 pages
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Page 13 - It will be found that several of these ratios are repeated with marked intention in the Parthenon, while none whatever are employed in the design that do not belong to the series either directly or as equivalents (as 2; : 3 = 10 :15, &c.). The height of the front thus obtained is divided between height of column and of complement, in the ratio 10 : 9, which gives
Page 8 - with the effect of the most characteristic ratios. Thus, the ratios 1 : 3 and 2 : 5, are most extensively and importantly employed in the temple at
Page 13 - for the column, to compare with 34-250, the measured height of the angle column. From the complementary height we have now to deduct a dimension equal to half the height of the column, viz., 17-125, to be distributed between the stylobate and the entablature, so that the height of the column shall be just
Page 12 - which is exactly coincident with a great many as measured, and also with the average of the variations, the principle of which is accurately determinable, but cannot be now discussed. If we divide this calculated columniation into nine parts, and assign four to the diameter and five to the intercolumn, we obtain, 14-084
Page 15 - is to diameter as diameter is to projection of steps. We cannot too highly appreciate the force and vigour that the composition gains by the feeling with which the artist has tempered the horizontally of the steps by the predominance of vertically in their profile. It is by the thickness of the
Page 14 - In effect the apportionment was made by giving 6 parts in height to the stylobate as against 11 to the entablature ; the ratio 6 : 11, it will be observed, belongs to the series already specified. The rectangular proportions conciliated by such division are these :—The joint height of column and entablature
Page 5 - PKOPOKTION IN ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AND ITS EXEMPLIFICATION IN DETAIL IN THE PARTHENON. READ AT THE ROYAL INSTITUTE OF BRITISH ARCHITECTS, JUNE 13тн, 1859. I HAVE undertaken to render an account of the results of some studies of the Principles of Proportion in Architecture, as exemplified in the Parthenon. The subject is not proposed as one of mere
Page 9 - that of a double square. Equally important, or even more so, was it that the full vertical height of the front, from the pavement of the peribolus to the apex of the pediment, should compare in a ratio of low numbers. In several hexastyle temples, those of Theseus and
Page 4 - only say, for the encouragement of those who may become interested in the subject hereafter or elsewhere, that if they hold by the clue they may, to my certain knowledge, follow the theory into many an unexpected development, and be led to many happy and available applications ; and they have my best wishes for success. Beyond this, I will leave the results-

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