On the harmony of religion and philosophy
In this treatise Ibn Rushd (Averroes) sets out to show that the Scriptural Law (shar') of Islam does not altogether prohibit the study of philosophy by Muslims, but, on the contrary, makes it a duty for a certain class of people, those with the capacity for "demonstrative" or scientific reasoning. Apparent conflicts between the teachings of Scripture and philosophy can be reconciled by allegorical interpretations of Scripture, though such interpretations should not be taught to the common people. Ibn Rushd's contribution to what was clearly a lively debate in Almovarid Andalusia is here accompanied by extracts from two other relevant works, his Damima and Kitab al-Kashf 'an Manahij al-Adilla, and all are covered by a full intorduction and notes.
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The Decisive Treatise Kitdb fal almaqal
Philosophy contains nothing opposed
Philosophical interpretations of Scripture
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Abd al-Mu'min Abu Hamid Abu Ya'qub allegorical interpretation Almohades Almoravides Alonso Andalus answer apparent meaning Arabic argument Aristotelian Aristotle Ash'arites Asin Palacios assent Averroes believe Cairo commentaries conclusion Damima demonstrative class dialectical and rhetorical doctrine error eternal Knowledge Exalted excused existence falsafa Farabi Fasl Fasl al-maqal Faysal Gauthier Ghazall Ghazall's Goldziher Greek Hayy Ibn Hourani Ibn Khaldun Ibn Khallikan Ibn Masarra Ibn Rochd Ibn Rushd Ibn Slna Ibn Tufayl ijmd infer inner meaning interpretations of Scripture interpreted allegorically Islam judgement kind Kitdb lawyer learned logic Malikite Mandhij Marrakushi masses matters Maymon meaning of Scripture Mu'jib Mu'tazilites nature occurs opinion passage philo philosophy Plato premisses pretations principles Prophet qiyds question Qur'dn referred religion scholars Scripture soul statement strative Summary of Aristotle summons symbolic ta'wil Tafsir Tahafut teaching texts theologians theology theory things three methods tradition translation treatise true truth unbelief understand Uyun verse Zahirite