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abrupt absurd admire analysis appear arch architects area of section ascend astonished asymptotic axis beautiful best models building buttresses concave cone consciousness conspire conveyed dent depending body displayed disposition Edinburgh elegant employed equal to twice equilibrium exhibiting feet figure Forbes form Gothic architecture Gothic Pendent Greek architecture groined heavy Hence increasing increment insecurity integral lateral thrust limit of cohesion loaded logarithmic curve lower extremities mason mass materials measure mechanical principles ment middle ages modulus of cohesion Norman obvious ornament ourselves peculiar perfectly pillars Plate pleasing point Portland stone present pressure pretend Professor Robison radius Rational real sources remarkable remote revolution rious roof rupture satisfy the eye scale science sense simple solid sound Spandrels spindle spires stability strength substance subtangent sustained symmetri tapered taste termination theoretical tion towers twice the modulus uniform unity vertical view violated the rules walls weight whilst white marble
Page 452 - ... this is the characteristic feature of what is called the Gothic architecture. In this no dependence is had on the transverse strength of stone. No lintels are to be seen ; no extravagant projections. Every stone is pressed to its neighbours^ and none is exposed to a transverse strain.
Page 452 - ... remarkable instances. We call this false taste, and say that the appearance of insecurity is the greatest fault. But this is owing to our habits : our thoughts may be said to run in a wooden train, and certain simple maxims of carpentry are familiar to our imagination ; and in the careful adherence to these consists the beauty and symmetry of the Greek architecture. Had we been as much habituated to the equilibrium of pressure, this apparent insecurity would not have met our eye ; we would have...
Page 452 - Greek architecture : but let us examine with attention the nice disposition of the groins and spaundrels ; let us study the tracery and knots, not as ornaments, but as useful members ; let us observe how they have made their walls like honey-combs, and admire their ingen-uity as we pretend to admire the instinct infused by the great architect into the bee.
Page 452 - Greeks were enabled to execute their colossal buildings only by using immense blocks of the hardest materials. The Norman mason could raise a building to the skies without using a stone which a labourer could not carry to the top on his back. Their architects studied the principles of equilibrium ; and, having attained a wonderful knowledge of it, they indulged themselves in exhibiting remarkable instances. We call this false taste, and say that the appearance of insecurity is the greatest fault....
Page 452 - The Gothic architecture is perhaps entitled to the name of rational architecture, and its beauty is founded on the characteristic distinction of our species. It deserves cultivation ; not the pitiful, servile, and unskilled copying of the monuments; this will produce incongruities...
Page 455 - Pendent. 455 of white marble, and 1310 feet in that of Portland stone*. In a pendent n times the necessary strength r will be doubled in the wth part of the above intervals.
Page 455 - If xc. denote the logarithm of 2 upon the scale in question, and M the modulus of the common system, we shall have *,= ^log2. Whence these numbers are computed. [From the LONDON and. EDINBURGH PHILOSOPHICAL MAGAZINE and JOURNAL of SCIENCE for June 1836.] Printed by Richard Taylor, Red Lion Court, Fleet Street. ,.•( Iť.