On the Stratification of Language

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Longmans, Green, Reader & Dyer, 1868 - Language and languages - 44 pages

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Page 4 - And out of the ground the LORD God formed every beast of the field, and every fowl of the air; and brought them unto Adam to see what he would call them: and whatsoever Adam called every living creature, that was the name thereof. And Adam gave names to all cattle, and to the fowl of the air, and to every beast of the field; but for Adam there was not found an help meet for him.
Page 26 - We cannot in Chinese derive from ferrutn, iron, a new substantive ferrarius, a man who works in iron, a blacksmith ; ferraria, an iron mine, and again ferrariarius, a man who works in an iron mine. All this is possible in an inflectional language only. But it is not to be supposed that in Chinese there is an independent expression for every single conception, even for those which are clearly secondary and derivative. If an arrow in Chinese is shi, then a maker of arrows (in old French jUchier, in...
Page 10 - Polysynthetic dialects of America. The only classes, however, which have been carefully examined, and which alone have hitherto supplied the materials for what we might call the Philosophy of Language, are the Aryan and the Semitic, the former comprising the languages of India, Persia, Armenia, Greece, and Italy, and of the Celtic, Teutonic, and Slavonic races ; the latter consisting of the languages of the Babylonians, the Syrians, the Jews, the Ethiopians, the Arabs. These two classes include,...
Page 7 - Societe de Linguistique, lately founded at Paris, and including the names of the most distinguished scholars of France, declares in one of its first statutes that ' it will receive no communication concerning the origin of language or the formation of a universal language...
Page 24 - I ventured to assert that wherever inflection has yielded to a rational analysis, it has invariably been recognised as the result of a previous combination, and wherever combination has been traced back to an earlier stage, that earlier stage has been simply juxtaposition. Professor Pott in his ' Ety mologische Forschungen ' (1871, p. 16), a work which worthily holds its place by the side of Bopp's
Page 42 - Hebrew barak, to bless, and Latin precari ; Hebrew lab, heart, and the English liver; Hebrew melech, king, and the Latin mulcere, to smoothe, to quiet, to subdue, they are in great danger, I believe, of proving too much.

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