On the Verge of War: International Relations and the Jülich-Kleve Succession Crises (1609-1614)
Twice in the decade before the Thirty Years' War the Jülich-Kleve succession placed Europe on the verge of war. Located along the Rhine River on the borders of the divided Netherlands, the Jülich-Kleve duchies possessed great political, economic, and religious importance which attracted the interest of all the major European powers of the day. Yet despite the strategic location of the duchies and the international involvement in the succession disputes, diplomacy triumphed, and war was averted. This book examines the Jülich-Kleve succession crises from a wide, international perspective in order to explain how the thorny succession disputes could be successfully resolved through diplomacy. In so doing, this book reevaluates the significance not only of the Jülich-Kleve succession but also of international relations on the eve of the Thirty Years' War.
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The First Crisis 16091610
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Aerssen affairs AGRBrus SEA AGSim Est 2296 alliance allies April Archduke Albert army assistance August BNParis MsFr 15922 Boderie Boissise Brandenburg and Neuburg Catholic Christian of Anhalt claimants claims Cologne confessional conflict copy Council councilors December Diisseldorf duke Dutch guilders Dutch Republic Edmondes elector emperor Empire England English envoy Ernst and Wolfgang fols foreign France French Georg Wilhelm Guadaleste Habsburg Hague heirs Henry Henry IV Henry's HHStAWien PCBelg Hotman imperial James Jiilich Jiilich-Kleve crisis Jiilich-Kleve succession Johann of Nassau-Siegen Johann Sigismund Julich July June king Kleve League Leopold letter Marie de Medici Maurice Maximilian Merode military Moritz of Hesse negotiations November Oldenbarnevelt Palatinate Paris peace Philip III Philip Ludwig political possessionary princes Prague PROLond SP Protestant Union Puisieux Rudolf Salisbury Saxony sent September 1614 Spain Spanish Spinola Spmola stadholder territories treaty troops truce Trumbull Villeroy Wesel Wilhelm Ludwig Winwood Wolfgang Wilhelm Wotton wrote Wurttemberg Xanten