On throat deafness and the pathological connexions of the throat, nose, and ear

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1861
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Page 92 - Pharmaceutical Processes, with the Methods of Testing the Purity of the Preparations, deduced from Original Experiments. Translated from the Second German Edition, by STEPHEN DARBY. 18mo. cloth, 6s. MR. YEARSLEY. DEAFNESS PRACTICALLY ILLUSTRATED; being an Exposition of Original Views as to the Causes and Treatment of Diseases of the Ear.
Page 64 - ... more distorted than even enlarged tonsils. Owing to the want of a passage for the breath behind the soft palate, and through the nose, there is in some cases of this kind a great difficulty in pronouncing the letters which the movements of the soft palate are concerned in producing. It is, in short, of essential importance to a proper method of speech, that the air should have free ingress and egress through the nose. For the same reason there is generally experienced a difficulty in hawking...
Page 64 - Common catarrh may be taken as an instance, in which the obstruction caused by the swelling of the mucous surface, and the alteration in the secretion from the nasal, or schneiderian membrane, either blunts or temporarily destroys the olfactory sense. Those in whom the nose is permanently obstructed by thickening of the mucous membrane are much in the same situation, as, in addition to the simple obstruction, the secretion of mucus is generally disordered either by excess or deficiency. But I was...
Page 92 - Edition, price 5s. (by post, 5s. 4d.), with new Plates, Throat Ailments, more especially the Enlarged Tonsil and Elongated Uvula, in connection with Defects of Voice, Speech, Hearing, Deglutition, Respiration, Susceptibility to Cold and Sore Throat, Cough, Nasal Obstruction, and the Imperfect Development of Health, Strength, and Growth in Young Persons.
Page 61 - Not that such a condition is invariably attended by defective hearing, for there are few who have not at some time or other experienced the discomfort and inconvenience of inability to breathe through the nose. A large class of persons will be found permanently subject to this annoyance ; and a much greater amount of evil arises from such a condition than has hitherto been imagined. The obstruction depends on chronic inflammation or thickening of the mucous surface, which throughout the windings...
Page 86 - In a paper read by me at the meeting of the British Association at Cheltenham, in August last, on " Mercantile Steam Transport Economy...
Page 63 - As the mouth often closes involuntarily in sleep, the impediment to breathing becomes a frequent cause of broken and disturbed sleep, in the same manner as I have described when adverting to the effects of enlarged tonsils in this particular. This is especially the case in children. Cases are frequent in which they have a thickening of the nasal membrane to such an extent that, although it does not produce entire stoppage, yet the impediment is increased so as to render it complete on the slightest...
Page 62 - ... presently be adverted to. Owing to the great difference in the calibre of the nasal passages in different persons, it happens that in some the slightest tumefaction will cause obstruction, while in others their calibre is so large, that it may exist to a great extent without producing inconvenience. This kind of diffused enlargement of the mucous membrane, throughout all the convolutions and cavities of the nose, obstructs the passage quite as much as the presence of polypi. Persons thus troubled...
Page 67 - ... sensibility and acuteness of the auditory organ, and favours accumulation of mucus in the middle ear. Air enters the Eustachian tube and middle ear to a still greater extent in sneezing, an act in which the communication between the air tubes and the mouth is sometimes shut off by closure of the posterior palatine arches, so that the breath passes upwards, and escapes by the nostrils alone. There is in sneezing also a violent preliminary inspiration, which generally drives air up the Eustachian...
Page 69 - It has relieved a large number of cases, to whom other kinds of treatment would have been ill-suited and inefficacious. The majority of them were cases of simple obstruction ; but it has also proved of essential service in cases of deafness, complicated with thickening of the mucous membrane. The passing of the probe once or twice a day soon dilates the canal to such a size as to permit the passage of air to and fro ; and, in addition to this, it appears to exert a salutary influence on the tract...

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