Open-air Schools

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McCelland, Goodchild & Stewart, 1918 - Open-air schools - 127 pages
 

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Page 72 - One ncre of land should be available for, say, 50 children. The buildings should be inexpensive and constructed in such a way as to allow of cross ventilation and maximum admission of air, with adequate protection against stormy weather. In winter some means of heating is advisable.
Page 69 - With the forms of work and lengths of period used, we find that when an individual is urged to do his best he does as much, and does it as well, and improves as rapidly, in a hot, humid, stale, and stagnant air condition (86 F., 80 per cent.
Page 70 - ... poor quality, he still shows no inferiority in the quality of the product. . . . Finally we find that when an individual is left to his own choice as to whether he shall do mental work or read stories, rest, talk, or sleep, he does as much work per hour when the temperature is 75 degrees as when it is 68 degrees.7 Productivity in the laboratory tends to remain constant regardless of environment.
Page 72 - ... forest. The chief medical officer of the Board of Education of London, in his report for 1913 (p. 258), outlines the considerations which in his opinion should enter into the establishment of open-air schools, and. in general, the schools of England have developed as he indicates. This report states : The site should be sheltered, though fairly open and easily accessible One acre Of land should be available for. say, BO children.
Page 11 - Lead your child out into Nature, teach him on the hilltops and in the valleys. There he will listen better, and the sense of freedom will give him more strength to overcome difficulties. But in these hours of freedom let him be taught by Nature rather than by you. Let him fully realize that she is the real teacher and that you, with your art, do nothing more than walk quietly at her side. Should a bird sing or an insect hum on a leaf, at once stop your talk ; bird and insect are teaching him; you...
Page 97 - ... spontaneous association test the average efficiency gain was 42 per cent; in adding 1-place digits, 35 per cent; in the antonym test. 129 per cent : and in the test of canceling a's there was an average gain due to dental improvement of 60 per cent. IV. OPEN-AIR SCHOOLS. Horace Mann School, New York. NY — Two third-grade classes, as similar as it was possible to have them, were compared for a period of six months. One class was an outdoor class, the other a regular indoor class. The two classes...
Page 69 - F., 50 per cent. rel. hum., 45 cu. ft. per person per minute of outside air introduced). This result was obtained when the individuals were subjected to the bad conditions 4 hours a day for five consecutive days. Enough individuals were tested to make the result entirely reliable. We find further that when an individual is...
Page 69 - We find further that when an individual is given work to do that is of no interest or value to him and is deprived even of the means of telling how well he does it, and is in other ways tempted to relax standards and do work of poor quality, he still shows no inferiority in the quality of the product. . . . Finally we find that when an individual is...
Page 37 - A room on the second floor was remodelled by the removal of part of the southerly wall, thus practically converting the foursided schoolroom into one of three sides, leaving the fourth side open. For the brick wall thus removed, windows were substituted. These windows extend from near the floor to the ceiling, with hinges at the top and with pulleys arranged so that the lower ends can be raised to the ceiling.
Page 85 - Repair is but the repetition of growth. The same elements, the same kindred conditions, are necessary to the same results. Rest is the necessary antecedent to the healthy accomplishment of both repair and growth.

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