Opposition in South Africa: the leadership of Z.K. Matthews, Nelson Mandela, and Stephen Biko
This book tells the story of three Black men--Z. K. Matthews, Nelson Mandela, and Stephen Biko--who committed their lives to win freedom for all South Africans. Using a sociopsychological retrospective, Juckes interweaves accounts of the lives of these three men with sociopolitical developments to reveal the complex interaction that occurs between social processes and individual actors, revealing how leaders come into being and how their actions influence social developments. Each man's political character captured the demands of the time and used the available resources of his age in the quest for freedom; the pressure--over time--from the activities of these three men and the movements they supported made liberation inevitable.
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Z K Matthews and the Cape Liberal Approach
Matthews Nelson Mandela and
Apartheid Mass Action and the Oppositions Future
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activity African National African National Congress Africanists ANC's apartheid Arnold arrested banned Bantu Education became Benson Biko Biko's Black Consciousness black elite black opposition black students Cape Colony Cape Town conference Congress continued Defiance Campaign developed eastern Cape election emerged exclusivist forced Freedom Charter Gerhart gradual Hare Hertzog Bills Hirson homeland leaders Institute of Race integration Jabavu Johannesburg Karis & Carter Karis-Carter Collection King William's Town leadership legislation liberalization through education Lovedale Mandela mass action Matthews Matthews's Meer ment movement multiracial Natal National Party Nationalist Nelson Mandela nonracial NUSAS opposition groups oppression organization orientation passive resistance polarization political protest Race Relations racial response role SASO segregation Simons & Simons Sisulu social change social conditions social structure society South Africa South African Institute Soweto strike tion Treason Trial Union University violence voters white government workers Youth League