Optical Interconnections and Parallel Processing

Front Cover
Pascal Berthome, Alfonso Ferreira
Springer Science & Business Media, Jan 31, 1998 - Computers - 393 pages
Optical media are now widely used in the telecommunication networks, and the evolution of optical and optoelectronic technologies tends to show that their wide range of techniques could be successfully introduced in shorter-distance interconnection systems. This book bridges the existing gap between research in optical interconnects and research in high-performance computing and communication systems, of which parallel processing is just an example. It also provides a more comprehensive understanding of the advantages and limitations of optics as applied to high-speed communications.
Audience: The book will be a vital resource for researchers and graduate students of optical interconnects, computer architectures and high-performance computing and communication systems who wish to understand the trends in the newest technologies, models and communication issues in the field.
 

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Contents

LEVELS OF ABSTRACTION IN COMPUTING SYSTEMS AND OPTICAL INTERCONNECTION TECHNOLOGY
1
1 INTRODUCTION
2
2 LEVELS OF ABSTRACTION IN PROBLEM SOLVING
3
3 ALTERNATIVE SYSTEMS OF LEVELS OF ABSTRACTION FOR GENERAL PURPOSE COMPUTING?
4
4 GENERAL PURPOSE SYSTEMS VERSUS SPECIAL PURPOSE SYSTEMS
6
5 INTRODUCING OPTICS INTO GENERAL PURPOSE SYSTEMS
8
6 DISCUSSION
14
7 CONCLUSIONS
15
5 CONCLUSION AND FUTURE WORK
192
OPTICAL ARRAY LOGIC NETWORK COMPUTING CONCEPT AND IMPLEMENTATION
195
2 OPTICAL ARRAY LOGIC
196
3 OALNC ARCHITECTURE
197
4 IMPLEMENTATION OF OALNC
200
5 MULTIPLE PROCESS EMBODIMENT
202
6 POSSIBLE OALNC SYSTEM CONSTRUCTION
204
7 SUMMARY
205

SMARTPIXEL TECHNOLOGY CURRENT STATUS AND FUTURE TRENDS
19
2 SMARTPIXEL TECHNOLOGY
21
3 BASIC CONSIDERATIONS
26
4 THE BITONIC SORTER
30
5 FUTURE TRENDS
39
6 POTENTIAL APPLICATION
42
7 CONCLUSION
44
ENERGY REQUIREMENT AND SPEED ANALYSIS OF ELECTRICAL AND FREESPACE OPTICAL DIGITAL INTERCONNECTIONS
49
2 ASSUMPTIONS
51
3 DEFINITION OF INTERCONNECTION AND ESTIMATION OF ENERGY
53
4 SPEED AND ENERGY OF OFFCHIP ELECTRICAL INTERCONNECTIONS
58
5 SPEED AND ENERGY OF ONCHIP ELECTRICAL INTERCONNECTIONS
72
6 OPTICAL INTERCONNECTIONS
78
7 EFFECTS OF TECHNOLOGY SCALING
109
8 CONCLUSIONS
112
A SUPERBUFFER DESIGN
117
B DETECTOR REQUIREMENTS
118
C TRANSMITTER AND RECEIVER STEADYSTATE CURRENTS DUE TO AMPLIFICATION
121
D ESTIMATION OF OPTICAL TIMEOFFLIGHT DELAY
122
F VCSEL DRIVER DESIGN
125
LOW LATENCY ASYNCHRONOUS OPTICAL BUS FOR DISTRIBUTED MULTIPROCESSOR SYSTEMS
129
2 ORGANIZATION OF THE OPTICAL BUS
131
3 30100 GBS OPTICAL BUS WITH FULL ELECTRONIC PACKET PROCESSING
135
4 051 TBS OPTICAL BUS WITH PHOTONIC GATES
137
5 CONCLUSION
144
OPTICAL FREESPACE INTERCONNECTIONS INSIDE PARALLEL ARCHITECTURES ONERACERT ACTIVITIES
149
2 TIME AND SPACE MULTIPLEXING
151
3 THE MILORD ARCHITECTURE
152
4 THE OED1PE ARCHITECTURE
157
MASSIVELY PARALLEL COMPUTERS USING OPTICAL INTERCONNECTS THE SYNOPTIQUE PROJECT
173
2 DESCRIPTION OF SYMPATI2 AND SYMPHONIE
174
3 LIMITATIONS OF THE ELECTRICAL INTERCONNECTIONS
178
4 SYNOPTIQUE PROJECT
183
TOWARDS EFFECTIVE MODELS FOR OPTICAL PASSIVE STAR BASED LIGHTWAVE NETWORKS
209
2 OPSBASED NETWORKS
211
3 STACKGRAPHS
214
4 MODELING OPSBASED NETWORKS
216
5 APPLYING THE MODELS
218
6 CONCLUSIONS AND DIRECTIONS FOR FURTHER RESEARCH
229
EMBEDDING PROPERTIES OF RECONFIGURABLE PARTITIONABLE OPTICAL NETWORKS
235
2 THE HYPERPLANE RECONFIGURABLE OPTICAL BACKPLANE
238
3 GRAPH AND HYPERGRAPH MODELS FOR BUSBASED OPTICAL NETWORKS
241
4 A MODEL FOR RECONFIGURABLE PARTITIONABLE OPTICAL INTERCONNECTS
242
5 COMBINATORIAL OPTIMIZATION PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED IN THE OPTICAL EMBEDDINGS
245
6 EMBEDDINGS OF MESHES
251
7 CONCLUSIONS
254
TIME DIVISION MULTIPLEXED CONTROL OF ALLOPTICAL INTERCONNECTION NETWORKS
259
2 CIRCUIT SWITCHING TECHNIQUES
262
3 COST OF COMMUNICATION IN TDM NETWORKS
269
4 COMMUNICATION COST IN LOOPING PROGRAMS
275
5 CONCLUSIONS
280
BOUNDS AND ANALYSIS TECHNIQUES FOR GREEDY HOTPOTATO ROUTING
283
2 THE MODEL TERMINOLOGY DEFINITIONS AND PRELIMINARIES
287
PRIORITY TO RESTRICTED PACKETS
292
4 PRIORITY TO INERTIAL PACKETS
301
5 OPTIMAL SINGLETARGET ROUTING ON THE 2DIMENSIONAL MESH
304
6 RANDOMIZED SINGLETARGET ROUTING ON HIGHER DIMENSIONAL MESHES
317
7 GREEDY ROUTING OF PERMUTATIONS CAN BE HARD
329
8 CONCLUSIONS
350
MODELS FOR OPTICALLY INTERCONNECTED NETWORKS
355
2 SWITCHING TECHNIQUES
357
FROM GRAPH TO HYPERGRAPH MODELS
361
4 COLLECTIVE COMMUNICATIONS
375
5 INTRODUCING OPTICAL COMMUNICATIONS IN GENERAL MODELS OF PARALLELISM
385
6 CONCLUSION
389
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