Optical measurements: techniques and applications
This book provides an introduction to the most important optical techniques applied to engineering problems as well as a guideline to select and apply an appropriate technique for a particular problem. After a brief survey of the techniques presented in the book, including a discussion of their possibilities and limits and a classification with regard to the effort and cost, each technique is described in detail in a separate section. In addition, a general overview is given for each group of techniques. All chapters start with a discussion of the theoretical background followed by a detailed description of an experimental setup typical for a given technique and illustrated by some examples of application. A final chapter is devoted to tomography, a powerful evalution technique which can be applied to several of the previously discussed techniques.
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Introduction to the Schlieren and Shadowgraph Method
Fundamentals of Holography and Interferometry
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absorption algorithm amplitude angle applications band beam splitter boundary layer calculated camera coefficient combustion components concentration constant coordinate correlation correlation function density detection detector diameter diode laser direction distribution Doppler droplet electronic emission emitted energy levels equation evaluation example experimental setup field function filter flame flow fluctuations fluid fluorescence Fourier transform frequency fringe grey value grid heat transfer hologram holographic interferometry intensity interference interferogram investigated irradiation laser beam laser induced fluorescence lens light beam light scattering light source mass transfer measuring volume method modulation molecules object wave obtained optical particles photomultiplier photon picture pixel plane plate projection pulsed laser pyrometer radiation Raman scattering Raman spectroscopy Rayleigh Rayleigh scattering reconstruction recording reference beam refractive index resolution rotational scattered light shift shown in Fig signal spatial species spectral spectroscopy spectrum surface temperature field test section thermal tion tomography transition velocity vibrational wavelength