## Optimization In Industry: Industrial Applications The origin of any industrial optimization study lies in the theory that some improvement can be made in a controllable system. The possibility for improvements may arise in any context, for example, in the control of a chemical plant, the organization of production to meet delivery dates, the design of rubber compounds, in traffic signal settings, and so on. In this volume, T. A. J. Nicholson deals with applications of the industrial optimization techniques demonstrated in the first volume of this two-part project, Applications are classified by their main functional areas in industrial planning, design, and control. The fields covered are machine sequencing, stock control and scheduling, plant renewal, distribution, financial problems, and chemical process control and design. These last two, in particular, are subjects often overlooked in operations research curricula. In each field the place and status of optimization techniques is first described and then a wide range of realistic case studies and examples are reviewed, many of them international. The problems given in this volume are primarily concerned with formulation not with solution; the task is to formulate the problems to be solved by one or more of the methods described in volume one. By connecting the optimization techniques with their applications, the gap between the people devising the methods and the people who actually need to use them is bridged. As with the first volume, this text is also supported by new exercises and model answers making this book important as an introduction to the application of optimization techniques for students as well as a reference work for the practitioner. |

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### Contents

1 | |

2 | |

13 Assessing interrelationships | 4 |

regression techniques | 5 |

15 Adaptive models | 9 |

16 Isolating subsystems | 10 |

17 Optimization policies | 12 |

18 Applications of optimization in industry | 13 |

52 Design of product mixes | 99 |

53 Design of chemical plant | 101 |

54 Design of machinery | 104 |

55 Design and research | 106 |

optimization of optical systems | 109 |

57 Applications in electronics | 112 |

the network crossings problem | 113 |

Plant renewal and location | 124 |

Chemical process control | 16 |

22 Steadystate optimization | 20 |

23 Steadystate optimization of an oxosynthesis process | 22 |

24 Steadystate optimization of a catalytic cracking unit | 24 |

25 The optimization of lime process manufacture | 27 |

26 The dynamic optimization problem | 30 |

27 Dynamic programming control of a batch reaction | 31 |

28 The optimization of multistage processes | 37 |

Machine sequencing and resource utilization | 44 |

32 Optimization problems in machine sequencing | 45 |

33 Optimal solutions to small sequencing problems | 48 |

34 Complex sequencing problems | 52 |

35 Heuristic techniques | 56 |

36 Permutation procedures for sequencing problems | 59 |

37 Inlet controlled scheduling | 64 |

38 Stock cutting to minimize wastage | 65 |

39 The papertrim problem | 67 |

Stock control and production scheduling | 74 |

42 Static deterministic singleproduct models | 77 |

the reorder level and periodic review systems | 81 |

warehousing production smoothing reservoir control | 85 |

production storage and selection | 90 |

Design optimization | 98 |

62 Criteria for replacing a single machine | 125 |

63 Planned renewal of a machine with technological improvement | 133 |

the electricity generating system | 141 |

choosing between preselected sites | 148 |

66 Plant location without preselected sites | 152 |

Distribution and transportation | 159 |

72 A basic distribution problem | 160 |

73 The transportation method | 162 |

74 Extensions of the basic distribution problem | 164 |

75 Finding the shortest route between two points in a network | 168 |

76 Vehicle routing | 172 |

transport fleet scheduling and railway diagramming | 176 |

78 Traffic signal setting | 179 |

Planning in investment and advertising | 189 |

82 Portfolio selection | 190 |

83 Optimal timing of bond refunding | 191 |

84 Financing seasonal cash requirements | 193 |

85 Allocation of funds to interdependent projects | 198 |

static problems | 201 |

87 Dynamic campaigns | 203 |

Answers to exercises | 208 |

251 | |