Optimizing Bone Mass and Strength: The Role of Physical Activity and Nutrition During Growth
Robin M. Daly, Moira A. Petit
Karger, Jan 1, 2007 - Medical - 162 pages
Osteoporosis and related fractures are a major public health problem globally. Although traditionally considered to be a disease affecting the elderly, increased recognition that osteoporosis may have its foundation early in life has stimulated substantial research interest into factors which can influence skeletal development, including both genetic and lifestyle factors. This book provides a summary and integrative review of the current state of knowledge of factors that influence the development of bone health during childhood and adolescence. The focus is on the role of physical activity for optimizing bone development. Other relevant topics that are reviewed include the influence of genetics, nutrition, and hormonal factors on skeletal development. In addition, there are expert views on practical lifestyle strategies and guidelines that can be adopted to optimize bone health and prevent fractures during growth. The book provides an excellent source of recent information for exercise specialists, pediatricians, nutritionists, biomedical researchers, health promotion worker and public health professionals.
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The Biomechanical Basis of Bone Strength Development
The Effect of Exercise on Bone Mass and Structural
Evidence for an Interaction between Exercise and Nutrition
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abMD adult aEMD amenorrhoea anorexia nervosa anorexic aßMD associated bone density bone formation bone geometry bone loss bone metabolism Bone Miner Res bone mineral accrual bone mineral content bone mineral density bone strength bone structural bone turnover boys calcium calcium intake changes in bone childhood children and adolescents Clin Endocrinol Metab controls cortical bone cross-sectional distal early pubertal effect of exercise endosteal energy deprivation enhance bone estrogen exercise during growth exercise intervention factors femoral neck fracture risk fragility fractures gene genetic girls gymnasts hip fracture hormone IGF-I increase in bone insulin-like growth factor interaction jumping Kontulainen leptin levels longitudinal LRP5 lumbar spine mass and strength mechanical loading menarche muscle nutrition osteoblast Osteoporos osteoporosis osteoporotic fractures peak bone mass pediatric periosteal physical activity polymorphisms prepubertal protein pubertal randomized resorption runners school-based serum skeleton Tanner stage tissue trabecular vBMD vitamin weight-bearing women young