Oregano: The genera Origanum and Lippia

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Spiridon E. Kintzios
CRC Press, Aug 27, 2003 - Science - 296 pages
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Oregano: The Genera Origanum and Lippia is an updated analysis of the technical knowledge and market information on the world's most commercially valuable spice. The book treats various aspects of practical significance for the crop's industrialization, such as optimizing germplasm selection and utilization, novel cultivation methods and product processing, blending and uses in different countries, along with other issues not included in previous reviews. Written by leading experts, every aspect of this plant genera is examined in detail. Information is provided on the structural dynamics of Origanum as well as analytical information on extraction, isolation and characterization. This helps the reader form a clear picture of the construction and operation of this specific genus. Extensively referenced, with a special guide to electronic data retrieval strategies, this volume is the definitive source of information for anyone interested in the research and application of Oregano across both academia and industry.

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Page x - Examples are the muscle relaxants based on the arrow poison, curare, from species of Chondrodendron, and the antimalarials derived from species of Cinchona and Artemisia. The methods of detection of pharmacological activity have become increasingly reliable and specific, frequently involving enzymes in bioassays and avoiding the use of laboratory animals. By using bioassay linked fractionation of crude plant juices or extracts, compounds can be specifically targeted which, for example, inhibit blood...
Page x - Such methods as in vitro fertilisation, meristem cultures and somatic embryogenesis are used. The transfer of sections of DNA is giving rise to controversy in the case of some enduses of the plant material. Some suppliers of plant raw material are now able to certify that they are supplying organically-farmed medicinal plants, herbs and spices. The Economic Union directive (CVO/EU No 2092/91) details the specifications for the obligatory quality controls to be carried out at all stages of production...
Page iii - Ginkgo biloba, edited by Teris A. Van Beek Volume 13 Black Pepper, edited by PN Ravindran Volume 14 Sage, edited by Spiridon E. Kintzios Volume 15 Ginseng, edited by WE Court Volume 16 Mistletoe, edited by Arndt Bussing Volume 17 Tea, edited by Yong-su Zhen Volume 18 Artemisia, edited by Colin W. Wright Volume 19 Stevia, edited by A. Douglas Kinghorn Volume 20 Vetiveria, edited by Massimo Maffei Volume 21 Narcissus and Daffodil, edited by Gordon R.
Page iii - ... of industrial importance. Edited by Dr Roland Hardman Volume 1 Valerian, edited by Peter J. Houghton Volume 2 Perilla, edited by He-ci Yu, Kenichi Kosuna and Megumi Haga Volume 3 Poppy, edited by Jeno Bernath Volume 4 Cannabis, edited by David T.
Page x - The plant raw materials are roots, rhizomes, bulbs, leaves, stems, barks, wood, flowers, fruits and seeds. These yield gums, resins, essential (volatile) oils, fixed oils, waxes, juices, extracts and spices for medicinal and aromatic purposes. All these commodities are traded world-wide. A dealer's market report for an item may say "Drought in the country of origin has forced up prices". Natural products do not mean safe products and account of this has to be taken by the above industries, which...
Page xi - Act of 1994 recognized the class of phytotherapeutic agents derived from medicinal and aromatic plants. Furthermore, under public pressure, the US Congress set up an Office of Alternative Medicine and this office in 1994 assisted the filing of several Investigational New Drug (IND) applications, required for clinical trials of some Chinese herbal preparations. The significance of these applications was that each Chinese preparation involved several plants and yet was handled as a single IND. A demonstration...
Page x - Large scale contracted mechanised cultivation with designated seed or plantlets is now preferable. Today, plant selection is not only for the yield of active principle, but for the plant's ability to overcome disease, climatic stress and the hazards caused by mankind. Such methods as in vitro fertilisation, meristem cultures and somatic embryogenesis are used.
Page xi - However, by the end of 1995, eleven (almost all) had been acquired by the multinational pharmaceutical firms, acknowledging the lay public's growing demand for phytomedicines in the Western World. The business of dietary supplements in the Western World has expanded from the health store to the pharmacy. Alternative medicine includes plant-based products. Appropriate measures to ensure the quality, safety and efficacy of these either already exist or are being answered by greater legislative control...
Page x - Drought in the country of origin has forced up prices." Natural products do not mean safe products and account of this has to be taken by the above industries, which are subject to regulation. For example, a number of plants which are approved for use in medicine must not be used in cosmetic products. The assessment of safe to use starts with the harvested plant material which has to comply with an official monograph. This may require absence of, or prescribed limits of, radioactive material, heavy...
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