Organisation of Elections by an Impartial Body
Council of Europe, Jan 1, 2006 - Political Science - 60 pages
After fifteen years of democratic transition in central and eastern Europe, the organisation of elections in conformity with the principles of the European electoral heritage is still a major challenge. In order to ensure the effectiveness of these principles (univeral, equal, free, secret and direct suffrage) a certain number of procedural guarantees must be respected. Firstly, elections must be organised by an impartial body in an independent and transparent manner; this is the main message in this publication. The body in charge of organising the elections should be able to ensure, without any political manipulation, that the electoral process is carried out efficiently, from the pre-election period right up to the close of any dispute regarding the results. The reports cover three aspects wich are indispensable to the impartiality of electoral commissions and equivalent bodies: independence with regard to the composition and functioning of the electoral administration; transparency and impartiality of the electoral administration on election day and after the election.
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accordance administration of elections appointed Assembly of Bosnia Bosnia and Herzegovina central election authority Central Election Commission central electoral administration citizens Commission of Bosnia complaints conduct of elections Council of Europe Croat decisions election boards Election Code Election Commission prepared election day Election Law election process election results elections in Bosnia elections of 2002 electoral dispute electoral law electoral management body electoral matters ensure established European former Yugoslav Republic Framework Agreement function government’s hoc Commission House of Representatives implementation independent international members issue judges large number Law of Bosnia legislation levels of elections Members of Parliament monitors Municipal Election Commission observers Ordinance with Instructions OSCE Parliamentary Assembly parliamentary elections participants persons political culture political parties polling station committees President public opinion referendums registered Republic of Azerbaijan Republic of Macedonia responsible Serb Swedish Election Authority tasks transparency and impartiality Venice Commission voting procedure