Organizational Environments: Ritual and Rationality
John W. Meyer, Stanford University John W Meyer, J.D, W. Richard Scott, Brian Rowan, Terrence E. Deal
SAGE Publications, 1983 - 302 頁
Meyer and Scott are among the leading proponents of the environmental view of organizational theory, which sees organizational structures as primarily determined by environment as opposed to technology. Their view and approach is demonstrated here in a collection of essays, that consider the place of organizations within a wider institutional structure, paying particular attention to educational systems and medical services.
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action activities actual administrative agencies American aspects attempt authority become centralization changes claims collective complex conformity consider coordination create cultural deal decentralized decisions defined definitions direct discussed district domain educational educational organizations effects efficiency elaborate elements environmental environments evaluation example exist expect external federal field formal forms functions funding given groups highly important incorporate increased individual innovation inspection instance institutional institutionalized instructional integrated interest internal involved issues knowledge legitimacy legitimate less linked means ments Meyer myths noted occupational organizational structure organizations particular political practice present problems processes production professional programs rational relations reporting requirements responsibility ritual role rules Scott sector social society specific standards studies teachers technical tend theory tion tional types units vary