Organizations in America: Analysing Their Structures and Human Resource Practices

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Based on the findings of The National Organizations Study, Organizations in America provides a comprehensive review of the first national survey of organizations in the United States. Using a statistically representative sample, this work is the most authoritative database on the workings of organizations available. The principal investigators of the study use this data set to define what we know about the structures and human resource practices in American organizations and describes: The National Organizations Study and its implications Specific employment practices--hiring, training, promotion, performance measurement, benefit packages, contingent work--and how they compare between different businesses and business sectors Differential treatment of employees according to ethnicity and gender This breakthrough publication is an indispensable reference tool for those in the areas of organizational studies, human resources, sociology of work, industrial psychology, social stratification, labor, and labor economics.
 

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Contents

Organizational Properties and Practices
3
Design of the National Organizations Study
23
American Organizations and Their Environments
45
Organizational Structures
67
Human Resource Management and Organizational
113
Organizations Human Resource Practices
131
Job Training in U S Organizations
157
Training Unions and Internal Labor Markets
180
Cui Bono? Employee Benefit Packages
232
Organizations and the Changing Workforce
251
Organizational Patterns of Gender Segregation
276
Gender Differences and Organizational Commitment
302
Conclusions and Prospects
324
Appendix
337
Author Index
359
About the Authors
379

Organizational Differences in Earnings
200
The Structure of Organizational Earnings Inequality
214

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Page 356 - Concepts and Methods Used in Labor Force Statistics Derived From the Current Population Survey.

About the author (1996)

David Knoke (Ph.D., University of Michigan, 1972) is a professor of sociology at the University of Minnesota, where he teaches and does research on diverse social networks, including political, economic, healthcare, intra- and interorganizational, and terrorist & counterterror networks. In addition to many articles and chapters, he has written seven books about networks: Network Analysis (1982, with James Kuklinski), The Organizational State (1985, with Edward Laumann), Political Networks (1990), Comparing Policy Networks (1996, with Franz Pappi, Jeffrey Broadbent, and Yutaka Tsujinaka), Changing Organizations (2001), Social Network Analysis (2008, with Song Yang), and Economic Networks (2012).


Peter V. Marsden is the Edith and Benjamin Geisinger Professor of Sociology at Harvard University. His scholarly interests include network analysis, organizational analysis, social science methodology, and survey research.

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