Origins: Egypt, West Asia and the Aegean
This book tells the story of human habitation in the western world from the earliest signs of settlement in the Euphrates and Jordan valleys to the Mesopotamian palaces of the 2nd millennium BC. It locates the origin of architectural form in the contrasting lives and beliefs of nomadic hunters and pastoralists on the one hand and the first farmers on the other, and traces the expression of those beliefs - sometimes in conflict, sometimes in combination - in Mesopotamia, Egypt, Crete and the Aegean and Anatolia.
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14th century BC 1st millennium BC 2nd millennium 2nd millennium BC 4th millennium BC Abu Simbel Achaeans Achaemenid Aegean Akhenaton Akkadian Alalakh Amenhotep Amenhotep III Amun Anatolia ancient Ancient Egypt apadana architecture Arinna Aryan Ashur Assyrian axis Babylon bit-hilani brick building built bull cardinal directions Catal Huyuk central centre century BC ceremonial chamber citadel civilisation clerestory colonnaded columns complex corbelled corridor court Cretan Crete cult cyclopean masonry Deir el-Bahri divine Djoser dynasty Edfu Egypt Egyptian el-Lahun Enlil entrance Eridu Euphrates flanked gate Gudea Hatshepsut Hattians Hattusas Hebat Heliopolis Hittites Horemheb Horus However Hurrian Huyuk hypostyle hall Ishtar Ishtar Gate Karnak Khafre Khufu king king's Kingdom Knossos Kuyunjik Lagash Lamassu Luxor Marduk masonry mastaba Medinet Habu megaron Mesopotamia metres millennium BC Minoan Minos mortuary temple mother goddess Mycenae Nebuchadnezzar II Nekhbet Old Kingdom Osiris outer palace Pasargadae pharaoh piers portico Ptah pylons pyramid pyramids of Menkaure Ramesses Ramesses II rectangular royal sacred sanctuary Saqqara shrine space sphinx stone structure Sumer Sumerian syncretic Syria Temple of Amun terrace Teshub Thebes throne room Tiryns tomb town trabeated Tudhaliyas IV Tutankhamun Tuthmosis Ugarit Urartu Uruk valley temple vestibule voussoir walls wattle and daub wosret XVIII dynasty Yarimlim ziggurat Zimrilim