Orwell: Shooting an Elephant - A Semiotic Approach
GRIN Verlag, 2007 - 40 pages
Seminar paper from the year 2003 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Literature, grade: 1,0, University of Hamburg (IAA), course: Seminar II: "George Orwell, the English and the Empire," 8 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: In this paper we will not mainly focus on an interpretation of the plot of "Shooting an Elephant," but we will rather explore how the elements of the text and hypertexts (such as the narrator and the elephant as well as imperialism) are related and set in opposition to each other within the text. We will basically concentrate on the differences between 4 main carriers of meaning in "Shooting an Elephant" and how these differences differ themselves depending on their constellation to each other. For that we will explore their contradictory as well as their contrary relations to each other. Moreover, we will explore how the central themes dealt with in "Shooting an Elephant" derive from these constellations and how the text transports the ideas of imperialism rooted in the language and especially in the narrative structure which reinforces the idea of 'us' and 'them'. In order to substantiate our findings, we will employ a method called the semiotic square developed by Algirdas Greimas. It will help us to develop the inherent and underlying organisation of this essay through its acting elements and ordering principles. The semiotic square is a tool originating from the text and discourse analysis and as such it hails from structuralism and poststructuralism. Authors such as Frederic Jameson6 have frequently used it to determine how meaning is not only reproduced, but also transmitted through and by a text. Especially transformations from one form of society to another have been realised in narrative texts such as novels or later films. The semiotic square helps to detect these structural embeddings in the text. Consequently, the structure of the current analysis will be as follows: First, we will give a
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A/non-A Abraham akademische Texte Algirdas Greimas Amerikanistik analyse Anglistik axis belong British Empire implicates Burma Burman crowd categorical terms character colonised constellation contradictory relation contrary relation creates a relation crowd British Empire deixes elements elephant and narrator elephant I knew elephant narrator crowd explore find the terms follow freedom George Orwell GRIN Verlag hint home country imperial attitude imperialist implicates the elephant interpret Jameson knew with perfect Macht ist niemals meta-terms Michael Reichmann narrative texts narrator crowd British narrator respectively narrator’s negation negative deixis Nonetheless oppressed oppressor Orwell’s problem Orwellian essay perfect certainty police officer primitive terms Reuland sahib saw the elephant schema seems semantic category semiotic approach semiotic square shoot the elephant Shooting an Elephant short story sooner I chucked stories and essays story that create sub-contraries T]he sooner term elephant term narrator term non-A term non-elephant term non-narrator Truth and falseness type A/A white man’s young and ill-educated
Page 4 - Theoretically — and secretly, of course — I was all for the Burmese and all against their oppressors, the British. As for the job I was doing, I hated it more bitterly than I can perhaps make clear. In a job like that you see the dirty work of Empire at close quarters.
Page 13 - ... obviously one ought not to do it if it can possibly be avoided. And at that distance, peacefully eating, the elephant looked no more dangerous than a cow. I thought then and I think now that his attack of
Page 15 - I could get nothing into perspective. I was young and ill-educated and I had had to think out my problems in the utter silence that is imposed on every Englishman in the East. I did not even know that the British Empire is dying, still less did I know that it is a great deal better than the younger empires that are going to supplant it. All...