Osteonecrosis: Etiology, Diagnosis, and Treatment
James R. Urbaniak, John Paul Jones
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Jan 1, 1997 - Medical - 453 pages
Developed by the American Orthopaedic Association and published by AAOS. This unique book addresses virtually every aspect of nontraumatic osteonecrosis. Osteonecrosis documents cutting-edge developments in diagnosis and treatment. Its highly clinical focus helps physicians identify and treat this "silent" disease before major damage occurs. It also enables surgeons to evaluate treatment alternatives, such as core decompression, osteotomy, bone grafting, and arthroplasty. Important research into free vascularized grafting is detailed, including methodology and results from studies carried out in medical centers in the U.S., Canada, Greece, and Italy. The research covers more than 1,300 cases followed up for a minimum of two years. The incidence of osteonecrosis is on the rise, due largely to the increasing use of corticosteroids. Other leading causes include excessive alcohol intake, trauma, blood dyscrasias, hypercoagulability, and dysbaria. Most forms of the disease affect adults under the age of 50. Osteonecrosis brings together the research and discussion of more than 70 physicians and scientists from the U.S. and around the world. Its articles were originally presented at an AOA workshop held at Duke University in November 1996.
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The Arterial Supply and Venous Drainage of the Upper End of the Human Femur
SPF Hughes SA Corbett ILH Reichert ID McCarthy
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acetabular antibodies Arlet artery articular cartilage articular surface aseptic necrosis associated asymptomatic avascular necrosis biopsy blood flow bone grafting Bone Joint Surg bone marrow bone scan cancellous bone Clin Orthop clinical collapse core decompression corticosteroid degenerative diagnosis disease distal etiology evaluation femoral head femoral neck femur fibula Ficat RP Ficat stage follow-up free vascularized fibular FVFG hemiarthroplasty hip score histologic Hungerford idiopathic increased infarct intraosseous involvement ischemia ischemic knee lateral lesion magnetic resonance imaging medial femoral condyle ment months muscle necrotic nontraumatic normal Orthopaedic osteo osteoarthritis osteocytes osteotomy outcome pain patients with stage plain radiographs postoperative preoperative procedure prosthesis proximal radiographic renal reported revascularization risk factors rotational osteotomy sickle cell stage III hips Steinberg steroid steroid-induced subchondral bone surgery surgical symptoms technique thrombosis tibial tion tissue total hip arthroplasty trabeculae treatment of osteonecrosis Urbaniak vascularized fibular grafting venous vessels weightbearing