Osteoporosis: Etiology, Diagnosis and Treatment
Bilar E. Mattingly, Albert C. Pillare
Nova Science Publishers, 2009 - Medical - 605 pages
Osteoporosis is a disease of bone that leads to an increased risk of fracture. In osteoporosis the bone mineral density (BMD) is reduced, bone microarchitecture is disrupted, and the amount and variety of non-collagenous proteins in bone is altered. Osteoporosis is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) in women as a bone mineral density 2.5 standard deviations below peak bone mass (20-year-old healthy female average) as measured by DXA; the term "established osteoporosis" includes the presence of a fragility fracture. Osteoporosis is most common in women after menopause, when it is called postmenopausal osteoporosis, but may also develop in men, and may occur in anyone in the presence of particular hormonal disorders and other chronic diseases or as a result of medications, specifically glucocorticoids, when the disease is called steroid- or glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis (SIOP or GIOP). Given its influence on the risk of fragility fracture, osteoporosis may significantly affect life expectancy and quality of life. This new book presents the latest research results in the field.
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Subregional Bone Mineral Density Measurement in the Lumbar
Diagnosis of Osteoporosis using DXA Technique
Nutritional Treatment in Osteoporosis
26 other sections not shown
activity analysis areal BMD assessment associated biomechanical bisphosphonates bone density bone formation bone health bone loss bone marrow bone mass bone metabolism Bone Miner Res bone mineral density bone resorption bone strength bone turnover Calcif Tissue Int calcitonin calcium cancellous bone cells Clin Endocrinol Metab clinical compared cortical bone decrease densitometry disease dose drugs effects elderly estrogen evaluation exercise femoral neck fractal fracture risk glucocorticoids gravity centre hip fracture hyperthyroidism imaging increased bone intake levels low bone lumbar spine measured mechanical muscle osteoclast osteopenia Osteoporos Int osteoporotic fractures osteoporotic patients osteoprotegerin Ovx controls parameters parathyroid hormone periosteum postmenopausal osteoporosis postmenopausal women RANKL rats receptor reduced risk factors risk of fractures ROI2 ROI3 serum significant significantly skeletal stroke patients strontium ranelate subregional T-score teriparatide therapy thyroid trabecular bone treatment vertebral body vertebral fracture vertebroplasty vitamin vivo X-ray absorptiometry