Osteoporosis: Etiology, Diagnosis and Treatment

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Bilar E. Mattingly, Albert C. Pillare
Nova Science Publishers, 2009 - Medical - 605 pages
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Osteoporosis is a disease of bone that leads to an increased risk of fracture. In osteoporosis the bone mineral density (BMD) is reduced, bone microarchitecture is disrupted, and the amount and variety of non-collagenous proteins in bone is altered. Osteoporosis is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) in women as a bone mineral density 2.5 standard deviations below peak bone mass (20-year-old healthy female average) as measured by DXA; the term "established osteoporosis" includes the presence of a fragility fracture.[1] Osteoporosis is most common in women after menopause, when it is called postmenopausal osteoporosis, but may also develop in men, and may occur in anyone in the presence of particular hormonal disorders and other chronic diseases or as a result of medications, specifically glucocorticoids, when the disease is called steroid- or glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis (SIOP or GIOP). Given its influence on the risk of fragility fracture, osteoporosis may significantly affect life expectancy and quality of life. This new book presents the latest research results in the field.

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Contents

Subregional Bone Mineral Density Measurement in the Lumbar
1
Diagnosis of Osteoporosis using DXA Technique
51
Nutritional Treatment in Osteoporosis
67
Copyright

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