Ottoman Izmir: The Rise of a Cosmopolitan Port, 1840-1880
Between 1840 and 1880, the Eastern Mediterranean port of Izmir (Smyrna) underwent unprecedented change. A modern harbor that welcomed international steamships and new railway lines that transported a cornucopia of products transformed the physical city. Migrants, seasonal workers, and transient sailors thronged into an already diverse metropolis, helping to double the population to 200,000. Simultaneously, Ottoman officials and enterprising citizens vied to control and reform the city's administrative and legal institutions.
Ottoman Izmir shows how Izmir's various stakeholders contested its built environment. In so doing, it offers a new view of the dynamics of urban modernization.