Our Coal and Coal Pits

Front Cover
Routledge, Nov 12, 2012 - Business & Economics - 243 pages
Published in the year 1968, Our Coal and Coal Pits is a valuable contribution to the field of Economics.
 

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Contents

Prefatory Observations
vii
Coal and Gold
11
Consequences of Contiguity to Coalfields
13
Products of the Principal Coal Countries
16
Number of British Collieries and their Produce
18
Area of British Coalfields
19
Summary of their Localities and Contents
20
What Coal is and its Vegetable Origin
22
Winning of Gosforth Colliery
109
A Grand Ball in a Coalpit
110
The Winning at Pembertons Shaft near Sunderland
113
Pumping and Winding Engines Pumps c
114
Amount of Capital Invested and Profits Returned in Northern Collieries
121
The Coal WonFinal Arrangements
124
Methods of Excavating the Coal
126
Method of Working Coal on the Newcastle System
129

Göpperts Experiments on Fossil Plants
25
Summary of Göpperts Essay on the Formation of Coal
26
Imagined Vegetation from which Coal was formed
32
Calculation of amount of Vegetation in Coal
36
Deposition of a Coalfield
37
The Drift Theory and its Difficulties
39
Why Coal is confined to certain Localities
41
Coalfields or Basins
43
Faults Dykes Slips c
48
Starting for the North its Sights and Scenery
57
Newcastle the Metropolis of Coal
58
Richard Grainger his Genius and Creations
61
First and General Aspect of the Colliery District
67
its Course its Coals its Keels and Keelmen
70
Fleets Steam and Railways
75
Annual Coal Trade of the Tyne Wear and Tees Rivers
81
its Approaches Boundaries and Contents
83
How long will the Coal last? No Mining Records Computations
87
Discovery of the Durham Coalfield beneath the Limestone
89
Unsuccessful Trials for Coal
90
The Winning of the Coal or How to Get at It
92
Boring for Experiment with Illustrations
93
Expenses of Shafts
99
Lining Tubbing c
103
Difficult and Costly Winnings
107
Royalties and Rents of the Northern Coalfield
133
Pillars and their Dimensions
134
Creeps and Thursts and Drawing the Pillars
136
Descent and Description of the Deepest Coalpit in Britain
142
Bruce the Traveller Under Ground
172
Temperature of Mines
174
a Night Scene
175
Numbers and their Dependents employed at Collieries
179
Analysis of a great Colliery Establishment South Hetton
181
Rate of Salaries Wages and Earnings
185
Discipline and Duties in the Mines
186
Habitations of Pitmen and Pit Villages
189
Evening in a Pit Village
192
Physical and Domestic Condition of Pitmen
195
Costume of PitmenAncient and Modern
201
Strikes of the Pitmen and Striking Sketches
203
Education in the Colliery Districts
208
Religion among the Pitmen
215
Moral Character of Pitmen
218
Vices of Pitmen
220
Economy and Forethought of Pitmen
222
Contrast between Scotch and English Colliers
223
Ascent of Pitmen in the Social Scale George Stephenson a Biography in Brief
228
Higher Education in the Mining Districts
240
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