Out of Time: Desire in Atemporal Cinema
In Out of Time, Todd McGowan takes as his starting point the emergence of a temporal aesthetic in cinema that arose in response to the digital era. Linking developments in cinema to current debates within philosophy, McGowan claims that films that change the viewer's relation to time constitute a new cinematic mode: atemporal cinema.
In atemporal cinema, formal distortions of time introduce spectators to an alternative way of experiencing existence in time--or, more exactly, a way of experiencing existence out of time. McGowan draws on contemporary psychoanalysis, particularly Jacques Lacan, to argue that atemporal cinema unfolds according to the logic of the psychoanalytic notion of the drive rather than that of desire, which has conventionally been the guiding concept of psychoanalytic film studies.
Despite their thematic diversity, these films distort chronological time with a shared motivation: to reveal the logic of repetition. Like psychoanalysis, McGowan contends, the atemporal mode locates enjoyment in the embrace of repetition rather than in the search for the new and different.
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21 Grams absence allows antagonism appears atemporal cinema atemporal mode attempt Bai Ling becomes begins Butterfly Effect camera capitalist characters Chow Chow’s Christopher Nolan Clementine cliché conception Constant Gardener create Cristina death Deleuze depicts desire diegetic disruption Donnie Darko drive emerges enjoyment Eternal Sunshine ethical Evan Evan’s existence experience failure film shows film’s filmic Freud fundamental future Gilles Deleuze Heidegger Honeycomb Club idea ideological intertitles Irréversible Jacques Lacan Joel and Clementine Joel’s Jules and Vincent Justin Kayleigh Lacan Lacuna procedure logic loss lost object Marcus memory move movement narrative structure national identity Noé occurs one’s past Paul Peppermint Candy Pierre political politicized position privileged object produces psychoanalysis Pulp Fiction rape realization relationship repetition represents reveals reverse chronology romantic union says scene sense sexual shot Slavoj Žižek spatialization spectator spectator’s Sun-Im Tarantino Tessa tion trans trauma traumatic event University Press Wong Yong-Ho