Outline of Practical Sociology: With Special Reference to American Conditions

Front Cover
Longmans, Green, 1899 - Sociology - 431 pages
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Contents

Chapter Page IV Native and Foreign Born
23
Rate of Increase by Sections
24
The Centre of Population
26
Distribution by Drainage
27
Distribution by Natural Features
28
Distribution by Altitude
29
Distribution by Rainfall Temperature and Humidity
30
The Status of the Population of the United States 17 References
33
Distribution by Ages
36
2o Families
40
Proportion of Families and Inmates to Dwellings
41
Dwellings in Cities
44
References
46
Relative Immigration of Various Races
49
Nativity of Living Population
52
Geographical Distribution of Native and Foreign Born
53
Races
55
Geographical Distribution of Races
56
3o Parent Nativity
59
Population according to Colour
60
Internal Migrations
63
Part II
65
Tendency to Association
66
The Family
67
Size of Families
68
The Integrity of the Family
70
The Church
72
Church Government
75
Secular Societies
76
Patriotic Societies
79
Clubs
80
Benevolent Associations
82
Labour Organisations
83
Chapter Page XVI Questions Relating to Strikes and Lockouts
84
Legal Obligations of Social Units
86
Political Units 47 References
88
Sovereignty
90
Local Political Units in the United States
91
The Town or Township
93
The County
95
The City
96
The State in the Union
97
Territories and New States
99
The National Government
101
Political Parties
102
Public Opinion
103
Part III
105
Industrial Distribution of Immigrants
106
Immigration and Illiteracy
108
Restrictive Laws on Immigration
110
Relation of Immigration to Increase of Population
112
Urban and Rural Population 66 References
115
Apprehension from Alleged Congestion of Cities
118
Redistribution of City Population
119
7o Density of Urban Population
123
Vital Statistics of Cities
124
Special Problems of City Life 72 References
125
WaterWorks
126
Lighting of Cities
127
Streets and Sewers
129
The Police
132
Wages under Public and Private Contract
133
Rapid Transit
134
The Question of Municipal Ownership
139
8o The Slum Question
142
Housing of the Poor
144
Rented Houses
147
Public Baths
148
Market Systems in Relation to Cost of Living
149
QUESTIONS OF THE FAMILY
151
The Contract Theory of Marriage 1
155
Divorce
161
Children
167
Reformation of Divorce
173
Chapter Page
202
Employment of Women and Children
208
Cost of Living
234
Hours of Labour
238
Sunday Labour
241
The Unemployed
242
The Tramp
245
The Sweating System
246
General Benefits to Society of the New System of Labour
249
Appliances of the Modern Labour System 134 References
250
Proportions of Skilled and Unskilled Labour
253
Does the Use of Machinery degrade Labour?
256
The Saving of Human Labour by Machinery
260
The Inspection of Factories and Workshops
262
Employers Liability
265
Legislation affecting the Employers Liability
267
Compulsory Insurance of Workingmen
269
Relations of Employer and Employee 144 References
271
Relations with Unions
274
Cooperation
277
ProfitSharing
281
State Regulation
285
References
287
Causes of Strikes and Lockouts
290
Cost of Strikes and Lockouts
293
Number of Persons involved in Strikes
294
Industrial Arbitration
297
Boycotts
301
Injunctions
302
Conspiracy
306
Part VI
307
Earnings and Wealth
309
Individual Wealth
311
Savings Institutions
313
Building and Loan Associations
316
Insurance and Mutual Benefit Associations
318
Poverty 167 References
322
Pauperism and Relief
324
Organised Charities
327
ChildSaving
329
The Relation of Art to Social Weli Being 172 References
331
Art and Industry
332
Art and the People
334
Art and Social Unrest
336
Art in Invention
337
Art as a Source of Wealth
339
Public Art
340
18o The Effect of Ugliness
341
References
343
Wealth not Stationary
345
Use of Wealth
347
Effects of Modern Competition
348
Part VII
350
Is there an Increase or Decrease in Crime?
352
The Statistical Method applied to Penology
355
Effect of Local Conditions on Crime
357
Crime in Great Britain etc
359
Causes of Crime
361
Economic Conditions in Relation to Crime
362
How to prevent Crime
364
Crime and the Labour Problem
366
The Punishment of Crime 196 References
371
Lynchings
374
Prison Labour and the Reformation of Convicts
378
20o The Ethics of Prison Labour
381
2o1 Systems of Prison Labour
382
2o2 Solution of the Prison Labour Question
385
The Temperance Question 2o3 References
390
2o5 Public Revenue from the Liquor Traffic
393
2o6 Prohibition
395
License
396
Local Option
397
2o9 Systems of State Account
398
21o The Influence of Intemperance upon Crime
400
Regulation of Organisations
404
Part VIII
417
Copyright

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Page 263 - Where, after the commencement of this act, personal injury is caused to a workman (1) By reason of any defect in the condition of the ways, works, machinery, or plant connected with or used in the business of the employer; or (2) By reason of the negligence of any person in the service of the employer who has any superintendence entrusted to him whilst in the exercise of such superintendence...
Page 300 - Section 1 provides that every contract combination in the form of a trust or otherwise, or conspiracy, in restraint of trade or commerce among the several States, or with foreign nations, is hereby declared to be illegal.
Page 11 - Labor, the general design and duties of which shall be to acquire and diffuse among the people of the United States useful information on subjects connected with labor, in the most general and comprehensive sense of that word, and especially upon its relation to capital, the hours of labor, the earnings of laboring men and women, and the means of promoting their material, social, intellectual, and moral prosperity.
Page 373 - Whenever this effect shall be produced among us; whenever the vicious portion of population shall be permitted to gather in bands of hundreds and thousands, and burn churches, ravage and rob provision stores, throw printing presses into rivers, shoot editors, and hang and burn obnoxious persons at pleasure, and with impunity; depend on it, this government cannot last.
Page 76 - Societies of men who served in the armies and navies of the United States, in the War of the Revolution, the War of 1812...
Page 263 - ... the workman, or in case the injury results in death, the legal personal representatives of the workman, and any person entitled in case of death, shall have the same right of compensation and remedies against the employer as if the workman had not been a workman of nor in the service of the employer nor engaged in his work.
Page 14 - Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire. New Jersey, New York...
Page 11 - Agriculture, the general designs and duties of which shall be to acquire and diffuse among the people of the United States useful information on subjects connected with Agriculture, in the most general and comprehensive sense of that word, and to procure, propagate and distribute among the people, new and valuable seeds and plants.
Page 419 - Labour is the contest of the life of man with an opposite , — the term " life " including his intellect, soul, and physical power, contending with question, difficulty, trial, or material force.
Page 263 - ... employer, or in obedience to particular instructions given by any person delegated with the authority of the master or employer in that behalf.

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