Outline of Practical Sociology: With Special Reference to American Conditions

Front Cover
Longmans, Green, 1901 - Sociology - 431 pages
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Contents

Chapter Page IV Native and Foreign Borx
23
Rate of Increase by Sections
24
The Centre of Population
26
Distribution by Drainage
27
Distribution by Natural Features
28
Distribution by Altitude
29
Distribution by Rainfall Temperature and Humidity
30
THF STATUS OF THE POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES 17 References
33
Distribution by Ages
36
2o Families j 4o 21 Proportion of Families and Inmates to Dwellings
41
Dwellings in Cities
44
References
46
Relative Immigration of Various Races
49
Nativity of Living Population
52
Geographical Distribution of Native and Foreign Born
53
Races
55
Geographical Distribution of Races
56
Parent Nativity
59
Population according to Colour
60
Internal Migrations
63
Part II
65
Tendency to Association
66
The Family
67
Size of Families
68
The Integrity of the Family
70
The Church
72
Church Government
75
Secular Societies
76
Patriotic Societies
79
Clubs
80
Benevolent Associations
82
Labour Organisations
83
CHAPTER PAGE XVI QUESTIONS RELATING TO STRIKES AND LOCKOUTS
84
Legal Obligations of Social Units
86
Political Units 47 References
88
Sovereignty
90
Local Political Units in the United States
91
The Town or Township
93
The County
95
The City
96
Chapter Pagb VI Pol1tical Units continued 55 The State in the Union
97
Territories and New States
99
The National Government
100
Political Parties
102
Public Opinion
103
Part III
105
Industrial Distribution of Immigrants
106
Immigration and Illiteracy
108
Restrictive Laws on Immigration
110
Relation of Immigration to Increase of Population
112
Urban and Rural Population 66 References
115
Apprehension from Alleged Congestion of Cities
118
Redistribution of City Population
119
Density of Urban Population
123
Vital Statistics of Cities
124
Special Problems of City Life 72 References
125
WaterWorks
126
Lighting of Cities
127
Streets and Sewers
129
The Police
132
Wages under Public and Private Contract
133
Rapid Transit
134
The Question of Municipal Ownership
139
The Slum Question
142
Housing of the Poor
144
Rented Houses
147
Public Baths
148
Market Systems in Relation to Cost of Living
149
QUESTIONS OF THE FAMILY Chapter Page X Marriage and Divorce 85 References
151
Marriages Compared by Races
154
The Contract Theory of Marriage
155
Solemnisation of Marriage
156
The Annulment of Marriage
159
Divorce
160
State and Federal Relations of Marriage and Divorce
163
Statistics of Divorce
164
Legal Causes of Divorce
166
Children
167
The Evolution of Divorce
168
The Reasons for Divorce
170
Reformation of Divorce
173
Education 100 References
177
The Kindergarten a School for Youngest Pupils
180
Growth of the PublicSchool System
183
he PublicSchool System below the High School
185
The American High School
186
The Normal School
188
Imperfections of the PublicSchool System
189
Compulsory Education
191
Industrial Education
193
no Manual Training Schools
195
Wages of Women and Children
215
12o Reasons for Low Wages paid Women
217
Moral Character of Working Women
218
Employment of Married Women
222
Part V
223
Employment
224
Are Money Wages increasing?
227
The General Increase in Money Wages
232
Cost of Living
234
Hours of Labour
238
Sunday Labour
241
13o The Unemployed
242
The Tramp
245
The Sweating System
246
General Benefits to Society of the New System of Labour
249
APPLIANCES OF THE MODERN LAIIOUR SYSTEM 134 References 25o 135 The Effect of Machinery
250
Proportions of Skilled and Unskilled Labour
253
Does the Use of Machinery degrade Labour?
256
The Saving of Human Labour by Machinery
260
14o The Inspection of Factories and Workshops
263
EmployersLiability
265
Legislation affecting the Employers Liability
267
Compulsory Insurance of Workingmen
269
RELATIONS OF EMPLOYER AND EMPLOYEE 144 References
271
Relations with Unions
274
Cooperation
277
ProfitSharing
281
State Regulation
285
15o References
287
Causes of Strikes and Lockouts 29x1
290
153 Cost of Strikes and Lockouts
293
Number of Persons involved in Strikes
294
Industrial Arbitration
297
Boycotts
301
Injunctions
303
Conspiracy
306
Part VI
307
Earnings and Wealth
309
Individual Wealth
311
Savings Institutions
313
Building and Loan Associations 316
316
Insurance and Mutual Benefit Associations
318
Poverty 167 References
322
Pauperism and Relief
324
17o Organised Charities
327
ChildSaving
329
THE RELATION OF ART TO SOCIAL WELLBEING 172 References
331
Art and the People
334
Art and Social Unrest
336
Art in Invention
337
Art as a Source of Wealth
339
Public Art
340
18o The Effect of Ugliness
341
References
343
Wealth not Stationary
345
Use of Wealth
347
Effects of Modern Competition
348
Part VII
350
Is there an Increase or Decrease in Crime?
352
The Statistical Method applied to Penology 355 190 Effect of Local Conditions on Crime
357
Crime in Great Britain etc
359
Causes of Crime
360
Economic Conditions in Relation to Crime
362
How to prevent Crime
364
Crime and the Labour Problem
366
The Punishment of Crime 196 References
371
Lynchings
374
Prison Labour and the Reformation of Convicts
378
The Ethics of Prison Labour
381
Systems of Prison Labour
382
Solution of the Prison Labour Question
385
The Temperance Question 203 References
390
Public Revenue from the Liquor Traffic
393
Prohibition
395
License
396
Local Option
397
Systems of State Account
398
The Influence of Intemperance upon Crime
400
Intemperance and Pauperism
402
Regulat1on of Organisations 213 References
404
Corporations
406
Trusts
411
Labour Organisations
414
Part VIII
417
Basis of Problems
418
Minor Legislative Remedies
419
Remedies by Voluntary Agreement
420
Remedy of the Socialist
421
What is the Social Problem?
423
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Page 347 - Property is the fruit of labor; property is desirable; is a positive good in the •world. That some should be rich shows that others may become rich, and hence is just encouragement to industry and enterprise. Let not him who is houseless pull down the house of another, but let him work diligently and build one for himself, thus by example assuring that his own shall be safe from violence when built.
Page 267 - Where, after the commencement of this act, personal injury is caused to a workman (1) By reason of any defect in the condition of the ways, works, machinery, or plant connected with or used in the business of the employer; or (2) By reason of the negligence of any person in the service of the employer who has any superintendence entrusted to him whilst in the exercise of such superintendence...
Page 304 - Section 1 provides that every contract combination in the form of a trust or otherwise, or conspiracy, in restraint of trade or commerce among the several States, or with foreign nations, is hereby declared to be illegal.
Page 80 - Societies of men who served in the armies and navies of the United States in the war of the Revolution, the war of...
Page 15 - States useful information on subjects connected with labor in the most general and comprehensive sense of that word, and especially upon its relations to capital, the hours of labor, the earnings of laboring men and women, and the means of promoting their material, social, intellectual, and moral prosperity.
Page 377 - Whenever this effect shall be produced among us; whenever the vicious portion of population shall be permitted to gather in bands of hundreds and thousands, and burn churches, ravage and rob provision stores, throw printing presses into rivers, shoot editors, and hang and burn obnoxious persons at pleasure, and with impunity; depend on it, this government cannot last.
Page 267 - ... the workman, or in case the injury results in death, the legal personal representatives of the workman, and any person entitled in case of death, shall have the same right of compensation and remedies against the employer as if the workman had not been a workman of nor in the service of the employer nor engaged in his work.
Page 18 - Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire. New Jersey, New York...
Page 15 - Agriculture, the general designs and duties of which shall be to acquire and diffuse among the people of the United States useful information on subjects connected with Agriculture, in the most general and comprehensive sense of that word, and to procure, propagate and distribute among the people, new and valuable seeds and plants.
Page 423 - Labour is the contest of the life of man with an opposite , — the term " life " including his intellect, soul, and physical power, contending with question, difficulty, trial, or material force.

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