Outline of Practical Sociology: With Special Reference to American Conditions

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Longmans, Green, and Company, 1901 - Sociology - 431 pages
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Contents

Rate of Increase by Sections
24
The Centre of Population
26
Distribution by Drainage
27
Distribution by Natural Features
28
Distribution by Altitude
29
Distribution by Rainfall Temperature and Humidity
30
The Status of the Populat1on of the Un1ted States 17 References
33
Distribution by Ages
36
2o Families
40
Proportion of Families and Inmates to Dwellings
41
Dwellings in Cities
44
References
46
Relative Immigration of Various Races
49
Nativity of Living Population
52
Geographical Distribution of Native and Foreign Born
53
Races
55
Geographical Distribution of Races
56
Parent Nativity
59
Population according to Colour
60
Internal Migrations
63
Part II
65
Tendency to Association
66
The Family
67
Size of Families
68
The Integrity of the Family
70
The Church
72
Church Government
75
Secular Societies
76
Patriotic Societies
79
Clubs
80
Benevolent Associations
82
Labour Organisations
83
Legal Obligations of Social Units
86
Political Units 47 References
88
Sovereignty
90
5o Ordinary Units of Government
91
The Town or Township
93
The County
95
The City
96
The State in the Union
97
Territories and New States
99
The National Government
101
Political Parties
102
Public Opinion
104
Part III
105
Industrial Distribution of Immigrants
106
Immigration and Illiteracy
108
Restrictive Laws on Immigration
110
Relation of Immigration to Increase of Population
112
VIII Urban and Rural Populat1on 66 References
115
Apprehension from Alleged Congestion of Cities
117
Redistribution of City Population
119
7o Density of Urban Population
123
Vital Statistics of Cities
124
Spec1al Problems of City Life 72 References
125
WaterWorks
126
Lighting of Cities
127
Streets and Sewers
129
The Police
132
Wages under Public and Private Contract
133
Rapid Transit
134
The Question of Municipal Ownership
139
8o The Slum Question
142
Housing of the Poor
144
Rented Houses
147
Public Baths
148
Market Systems in Relation to Cost of Living
149
Part IV
151
Marriages Compared by Races
154
The Contract Theory of Marriage
155
Solemnisation of Marriage
156
The Annulment of Marriage
159
Divorce
160
State and Federal Relations of Marriage and Divorce
163
Statistics of Divorce
164
Legal Causes of Divorce
166
Children
167
The Evolution of Divorce
168
The Reasons for Divorce
171
Reformation of Divorce
173
Educat1on 1oo References
177
1o2 The Kindergarten a School for Voungest Pupils 18o 1o3 Growth of the PublicSchool System
183
1o4 The PublicSchool System below the High School
185
1o5 The American High School
186
1o6 The Normal School
188
Employment of Women and Ch1ldren 114 References 2o8 115 Influence of Factories on Employment of Women and Children
208
The Influence of Law
210
Occupations of Women
212
Number of Children employed
214
Wages of Women and Children
215
12o Reasons for Low Wages paid Women
217
Moral Character of Working Women
218
Employment of Married Women
222
Part V
223
Employment
224
Are Money Wages increasing?
227
The General Increase in Money Wages
232
Cost of Living
234
Hours of Labour
238
Sunday Labour
241
13o The Unemployed
242
The Tramp
245
The Sweating System
246
General Benefits to Society of the New System of Labour
249
Appliances of the Modern Ladour System 134 References 25o 135 The Effect of Machinery
250
Proportions of Skilled and Unskilled Labour
253
Does the Use of Machinery degrade Labour?
256
The Saving of Human Labour by Machinery
260
14o The Inspection of Factories and Workshops
262
EmployersLiability
265
Legislation affecting the Employers Liability
267
Compulsory Insurance of Workingmen
269
Relations of Employer and Employee 144 References
271
Relations with Unions
274
Cooperation
277
ProfitSharing
281
State Regulation
285
15o References
287
Causes of Strikes and Lockouts
290
Cost of Strikes and Lockouts
293
Number of Persons involved in Strikes
294
Industrial Arbitration
297
Boycotts
301
Injunctions
303
Conspiracy
306
Part VI
307
Earnings and Wealth
309
Individual Wealth
311
Savings Institutions
313
Building and Loan Associations
316
Insurance and Mutual Benefit Associations
318
Poverty 167 References
322
Pauperism and Relief
324
17o Organised Charities
327
ChildSaving
329
The Relation of Art to Soc1al WellHeing 172 References
331
Art and the People
334
Art and Social Unrest
336
Art in Invention
337
Art as a Source of Wealth
339
Public Art
340
18o The Effect of Ugliness
341
References
343
Wealth not Stationary
345
Use of Wealth
347
Effects of Modern Competition
348
Part VII
350
Is there an Increase or Decrease in Crime?
352
The Statistical Method applied to Penology 355 190 Effect of Local Conditions on Crime
357
Crime in Great Britain etc
359
Causes of Crime
360
Economic Conditions in Relation to Crime
362
How to prevent Crime
364
Crime and the Labour Problem
366
The Punishment of Crime 196 References
371
Lynchings
374
Prison Labour and the Reformation of Convicts
378
The Ethics of Prison Labour
381
Systems of Prison Labour
382
Solution of the Prison Labour Question
385
The Temperance Quest1on 2o3 References 39o 2o4 Production and Consumption
390
2o5 Public Revenue from the Liquor Traffic
393
Prohibition
395
License
396
2o8 local Option
397
Systems of State Account
398
The Influence of Intemperance upon Crime
400
Regulation of Organisations
404
Part VIII
417
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