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Adam Smith agricultural Alsace American shipping amount Austria Bank of England Bank of France became began canal capital carried cause cent Civil classes coal Coalbrookdale colonies commerce commodities condition Corn Laws Cunard line currency decline demand depreciation duties East India economic Economist effect eighteenth century engine English enormous entirely especially established Europe exports extent factory factures Finance foreign France free trade French French Revolution Germany gold growth History important improvement increased indemnity India industry interest invention iron issue Italy labor land large number legal tender legislation loans loss machinery ment miles Napoleon Navigation Acts panic paper money period political population Prussia railway system rapid rapidly resumption revenue Revolution silver slavery slaves soon speculation Statistical Abstract Statistical Journal steam supply tariff taxation taxes tion took treaty United vessels wealth West Indies wheat wool woolen manufacture Zollverein
Page 14 - ... and, like the latter, it has spindles without bobbins to give the twist, and the thread is stretched and spun at the same time by the spindles after the rollers have ceased to give out the rove. The distinguishing feature of the mule is that the spindles, instead of being stationary, as in both the other machines, are placed on a movable carriage, which is wheeled out to the distance of fifty-four or fifty-six inches from the roller beam, in order to stretch and twist the thread, and wheeled...
Page 206 - ... Commission and the vessel owner. "There appears to have been mutuality of understanding among all the parties interested, legality of consideration and definit'ness [sic] as to terms, time of performance and acceptance. Payment was made in due course as agreed and this payment constitutes a part of the cost of the war to the people of the United States.
Page 93 - In 18)7, they passed a law of a more coercive character, to the effect that no goods should be imported into the United States except in American vessels, or...
Page 157 - The discovery of gold in California : " Robinson's California" (see Larkin's and Mason's Reports, pp. 17, 33); also Exec. Doc. of US, 1848, i, 1. — The discovery in Australia: Westgarth, "Colony of Victoria," 122,315. — Establishment of miners' customs : Wood, " Sixteen Months in the Gold Diggings," 125 ; Lalor's " Cyclopaedia,
Page 109 - ... in losing after a fiveyear period the township share in this tax. No provision was made other than this for the enforcement of the law. There were no penalties for the township trustees, and no officers, whose duty it was to see that the law was carried into effect. It was the evident idea of the legislators that the incentive afforded by a share in the school tax would be sufficient to bring about the erection of school districts in all the townships of the state. That this was not the universal...
Page 13 - Jhe second pair of rollers must be geared to turn faster than the first, the third faster than the second, and so on throughout the series.
Page 14 - The effects of Crompton's great invention may be stated epigrammatically. Before Crompton's time it was thought impossible to spin eighty hanks to the pound. The mule has spun three hundred and fifty hanks to the pound ! The natives of India could spin a pound of cotton into a thread 119 miles long. The English succeeded in spinning the same thread to a length...
Page 109 - June 1, 1882, the minister Bunge secured a law which prohibited the employment of children under twelve years of age and limited the labor of children between twelve and fifteen to eight hours a day. Since the Moscow manufacturers can secure much cheaper labor than the employers of St. Petersburg and Lodz, it was for the interest of the latter to secure a shorter working day throughout the whole empire. They thought, also, by a legislative...
Page 148 - ... to show really what the old school had done, and, still more, what they have not done. The experiments have been important in their way, and it was really interesting to know that those on the lower animals corroborated generally what we know of the action of the serpent poisons on the human body. At the same time it was of the greatest importance to have provings on the healthy human body, independently of any theoretical views, which might be only misleading. Dr. Murray Moore said there was...