Preparing Scientific Illustrations

Front Cover
Springer Science & Business Media, 1996 - Medical - 204 pages
Every graduate student, postdoc and scientist knows that images and illustrations can make or break their lecture, poster presentation, and journal or book article. Graphics software and laser printers have placed professional-quality graphics within the reach of everyone. But in the end, whether your audience sees clear, understandable images or a 300 dpi mess depends on whether you've followed the principles presented by Mary Helen Briscoe in this book. Learn the strengths and weaknesses of different forms of visual presentations. Understand when to use a figure, and how much information can be represented in one. See examples of bad, good, and better graphs and tables. Focus on your audience, to learn that a figure prepared for an article may not be ideal for a slide or an overhead. The author also presents information on presenting DNA sequences, protein structures, and other molecular graphics.
 

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Contents

INTRODUCTION
1
LEARNING TO COMMUNICATE VISUALLY
3
AN INTENTION TO COMMUNICATE
5
DRAWINGS AND DIAGRAMS
9
Line or ContinuousTone Drawing?
14
PHOTOGRAPHS
17
PHOTOGRAPHIC FIGURES
21
PHOTOMICROGRAPHS
23
SLIDE FORMAT
119
LABELS FOR SLIDES
122
COLOR
124
WORD SLIDES
125
SLIDES FROM BOOKS AND JOURNALS
126
OVERHEAD TRANSPARENCIES
127
MAKING SLIDES AND OVERHEADS
128
POSTERS
131

GELS
30
VIDEO IMAGES
33
CHARTS AND TABLES
37
TABLES
41
TABLES FOR SLIDES
45
MOLECULAR GRAPHICS
49
RESTRICTION MAPS
57
MOLECULAR MODELS
63
SOFTWARE COMPARISON
71
GRAPHS AND SOFTWARE
73
KINDS OF GRAPHS
74
GRAPH DESIGN
81
AXIS LINES
82
TICKS
87
LABELS
90
LABEL POSITION
93
DESIGN SYMBOLS AND LINES
96
TEXTURE AND CONTRAST
98
ARROWS AND BRACKETS
99
FOR GOOD GRAPHS
101
THE JOURNAL FIGURE
103
JOURNAL INSTRUCTIONS
104
FORMAT
108
LABELS
111
CONSISTENCY
114
SLIDES
117
PLAN THE POSTER
132
POSTER TEXT
136
FIGURES
141
POSTER LAYOUT
143
POSTER PRODUCTION
145
POSTER PURPOSE
149
USING AN ILLUSTRATOR
151
COMMUNICATE WITH THE ILLUSTRATOR
152
THE ILLUSTRATOR AND THE COMPUTER
153
THE ILLUSTRATOR AS A RESOURCE
154
USING A COMPUTER
157
LETTERS FONTS AND STYLES
158
COMPUTER DRAWINGS AND DIAGRAMS
159
BIT MAPPED VERSUS VECTORBASED GRAPHICS
165
COMPUTER PRINTOUT
167
CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTED READINGS
168
DRAWING BY HAND
169
TRIM MOUNT AND LABEL TRACINGS
170
TRIM MOUNT AND LABEL GELS
176
USE A PHOTOCOPY MACHINE FOR CORRECTIONS AND CHANGES
181
CONCLUSION
183
YOU CAN LEARN
185
BIBLIOGRAPHY
187
SOURCES OF ILLUSTRATIONS
189
INDEX
195
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