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adult America anal fin angle band base of caudal Bean Bering Island blackish Bleeker blue bluish body brown canines caudal fin caudal peduncle coast color common convex Cuba Cuvier dark darker depth Distance from snout distinct dorsal and anal dorsal fin Dorsal spines dusky edge Epinephelus front GCnther genus Giinther Gill gill-rakers gray grylle Hamulon Havana Hist inches Interorbital space Jordan & Gilbert Key West last ray lateral line lobe longest ray lower jaw Lutjanus maxilla maxillary reaching Mazatlan median middle moderate mouth Mugil narrow nearly oblique olive opercle orange pale paler pectoral pectoral fin Perca Poey posterior preopercle preorbital Proc Scarus Serranus sides slender slightly Snapper soft dorsal species spinous dorsal spots Steindachner streaks stripes synonymy teeth Teuthis U. S. Nat upper jaw ventrals vertical vomer whitish width yellow yellowish
Page 273 - T was obliged to dissent from the taxonomic views as well as nomenclature most in vogue, and have reached the conclusions embodied in the following synopsis. The changes of nomenclature have invariably been made in obedience to the rules of the British and American associations for the advancement of science. Those who are lawless, or follow rules only when they suit their purpose or convenience, will doubtless disapprove of the changes. The necessity for the changes has been appreciated by Messrs....
Page 443 - ... about as large as pupil, smaller than in other species similarly marked, and seldom disappearing with age. Axil and bar across base of pectoral above pale or dusky olive. In spirits the markings become fainter, the lateral blotch and the bluish streaks on head usually persisting.
Page 426 - Preopercle finely serrate above t'ie teeth, coarser at the angle. Scales comparatively large ; the rows in horizontal series below the lateral line, those above running parallel with the lateral line until below the soft dorsal, where they become slightly irregular and oblique; 7 rows of scales on cheek ; an imbedded row on interopercle ; 1 row on subopercle, and 7 on opérele.
Page 281 - Hœmulon contains most of the species, and exhibits a greater range of variation than the others. The young fishes in this group differ in proportions considerably from the adults. Besides the changes usual in other fishes we may observe that in...
Page 426 - Maxillary reaching front of pupil, 2ij- in head. Upper jaw with a narrow band of villiform teeth, outside of which is a single series of enlarged teeth ; 4 canines in front of upper jaw, 2 of them quite large — one-third diameter of eye. Lower jaw with a very narrow band of villiform teeth in front of jaw only ; outside of these a single row of teeth larger than outer teeth of upper jaw, becoming canine-like in adult, but much smaller than in L.
Page 161 - July 29, 1 8 84. :'i times iii the length of the head. The length of the second anal spine is slightly more than twice the diameter of the eye, and about 3 times the length of the first anal spine. The third anal spine is about twothirds of the length of the second, and is contained 2J times in the length of the head. The length of the pectoral fin is about twice that of the postorbital part of the head, and equals the height of the body at the vent. The ventral is two-thirds as long as the head....
Page 431 - This handsome species is rather common in the markets of Havana, where it is known as Pargo de lo Alto. When fresh it may always be known by the bright yellow color of the eye, a color which does not entirely fade in spirits. It is evidently the Mesoprion aya of Cuv.
Page 93 - ... West, swarming everywhere about the island, in the eel-grass. It rarely exceeds a foot in length. At Havana it is apparently equally common, the numbers seen in the market exceeding that of all the other species combined.
Page 91 - ... isthmus; dorsal spines pungent; upper lip double for its entire length; lower jaw projecting beyond upper; lateral line not interrupted, passing gradually from its row of scales posteriorly to the series next below it; tubes of lateral line much branched; scales about head large, those on cheek in a single row, those on median line in front of dorsal 3 or 4 in number.