Pańcasila and Catholic Moral Teaching: Moral Principles as Expression of Spiritual Experience in Theravada Buddhism and Christianity
The Buddhism of Southeast Asia is Theravada Buddhism. In Myanmar almost 90% of the population are Theravada Buddhist and almost 5% are Christians, including 1% of Catholics. People are so culturally influenced by Theravada Buddhism that religious values have become social values. The purpose of this research is to promote inter-religious dialogue between Buddhist and Catholics. This study concentrates on Pancasila -the beginning of Buddhist ethics, especially meant for the laity- comparing it with the commandments and Christian virtues. The relationship between morality and spirituality is shown by a comparative study of some moral principles of the two traditions.
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THE FOURTH SILA AS AN EXPRESSION OF TRUTHFULNESS
The Eighth Commandment You Shall not Bear False Witness Against Your Neighbour
THE FIFTH SILA AS AN EXPRESSION OF MINDFULLNESS OR AWARENESS
The Christian Virtue of Temperance or Selfcontrol
THE FIRST SILA AS AN EXPRESSION OF LOVING KINDNESS
The Fifth Commandment You Shall not Kill
THE SECOND SILA AS AN EXPRESSION OF GENEROSITY AND RENUNCIATION
The Seventh Commandment You shall not Steal
THE THIRD SILA AS AN EXPRESSION OF CONTENTMENT AND SELFCONTROL
The Sixth Commandment You Shall not Commit Adultery
According action adultery Anatta arise attainment become Bhaddanta Vicittasarabhivamsa Bodhisattva body Buddha Buddhist Ethics called Catechism Catholic Church chastity Christ Christian commandment concem craving ddna death Dependent Origination desire Dhamma Digha Nikaya divine doctrine duhkha Eightfold Path Encycl etemal evil existence experience expression faith ﬁeld ﬁfth ﬁnd ﬁre ﬁrst ﬁve Five Precepts ﬂesh fulﬁlled generosity gift gives God’s greed heart human person Human Sexuality Ibid Interreligious Dialogue Jesus jhdna John Paul Karma kilesa killing kinds living loving-kindness man’s means meditation mental mind monks moral mystical natural law neighbour nekkhamma Nikaya Nirvana Noble Eightfold Path object one’s oneself Paﬁcasila Pali Pandita Paramitd Path to Freedom perfection Peter Harvey Pontiﬁcal Council practice rebirth reﬂect religions religious renunciation rule of training Rupert Gethin sacriﬁce Samyutta Nikaya Sanskrit says sense sexual Sila soul spiritual suffering Sutta Sutta Pitaka teaching things traditions truth virtue Vitakka wisdom words