When the British Empire partitioned its Indian colony in 1947, it created two independent states: India, where most people were Hindus, and Pakistan, where most were Muslims. Violence immediately broke out, during which approximately 250,000 people were killed and a million became refugees. Since then Pakistan and India have fought several wars, and tensions between the two countries during the late 1990s nearly led to another conflict-one that might have been devastating, as both countries now possess nuclear weapons. This book examines the economic and political issues facing Pakistan today. It provides up-to-date information about the country's geography and climate, history, society, important cities and communities, and relations with other countries.
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Afghan Afghanistan agricultural alQaeda Arab Arabian areas army Asian Ayub Baloch Balochistan Balochistan plateau became Benazir Bhutto border called capital Central Asia century conflict conquered country’s culture Delhi Sultanate democracy desert dynasty East Pakistan economic elected ethnic groups Hindu Images independent India and Pakistan Indus River Indus Valley Iran Islam Islamabad Karachi Kashmir Khan Lahore leaders major Middle East miles militants military million modernday Mohammed Ali Jinnah Mongols mosque mountains Mughal emperor Mughal Empire Muhajirs Musharraf Muslim League National Assembly Nawaz Sharif northern Pakistan NorthWest Frontier Province nuclear weapons numbers Old City Pakistan and India Pakistan region Pakistani government parties Pathans percent Peshawar political population president prime minister Punjab Punjab province Quetta Qur’an refugees religion religious rule ruler separate Muslim Sikh Sindh Sindh province South Asia Soviet subcontinent Taliban tension territory terrorist traditional tribal tribes United Zulfikar Ali Bhutto