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9th century Aelfred Aelfredian texts Aelfric's Homilies affection Anglia Beiblatt appears assumed Bede beside Biilbring Biilbring's Blickling Homilies Chadwick change of stress cited consonant Corpus Cura Pastoralis dialects diph diphthongiza diphthongization of guttural diphthongization of secondary ence Epinal and Erfurt evidence examples explanation fact falling diphthong follows gafol geat geond gescedd giamrung gigop ging glide Gloss Grammar guttural vowels homorganic inception ization Kentish Lindisfarne Mercian Middle English monophthongization normal Northumbrian nouns occur original Orosius palatal diphthongization palatal quality palatal umlaut patois Pentateuch plural possible post-umlaut diphthongization pre-nasal pre-umlaut preterit primary palatal Psalter referred regards Rehm remains rising diphthong Ritual Rushworth sccel sceadu sceaft sceal sceolde sceolon sceppan sceppend sciafe sciendan scip sculon secondary palatal vowels Sievers sk by influence sporadic stem-vowel thongization tion u-o umlaut umlaut form undiphthongized forms variant verb West Germanic West Saxon word z-umlaut
Page 78 - and in close syllables (eg in dceg), it is likely enough that when both conditions were present, as here, the pala-talization proceeded still further." It is hardly possible to accept this hypothesis of an ce of extreme palatal value not assimilated in other respects to the
Page 30 - elsewhere (see below), attained higher palatal quality than the c by itself, and therefore uniformly diphthongized the vowel. The influence of the word in place-names then inevitably influenced the word in its independent use. Apart from the cases just considered, there are none with diphthongization after c, g in the Ritual, and few in
Page 123 - to e, as in the case of k and g. Sk before guttural vowels developed to sf, as noted, in consequence of the influence of the s, the change being part of the same change as enabled the sc before secondary palatal vowels to diphthongize those vowels. This change before guttural vowels occurred in the beginning of the
Page 123 - the change being part of the same change as enabled the sc before secondary palatal vowels to diphthongize those vowels. This change before guttural vowels occurred in the beginning of the 9th century, and towards the middle or close of the century the palatal
Page 68 - 1 Wolff has not been at pains to indicate that the forms in C. I, in a docu-ment dated in his preface 675, stand in a late addition, as the forms show ; just above them occurs the name "Sire Geffreus He/>e de la Croix. ' ' So similarly p. 52, " In den Urkunden kommt keine Abweichung von a vor, ausser in C.
Page 70 - doddinghyran ongean bradgeat." This passage can hardly be of the date set. The grant, as a whole, must be considered dubious, as differing from others of the same king and year. There is no signatory clause for the king as in two, and in all the others the witnesses sign or (in one) are mentioned by name, while this closes, " Hoc cum consilio L,aurencii episcopi et omnium principum meorum signo sanctae crucis
Page 78 - were so far palatal as to prevent the operation of ¿-umlaut " It is quite conceivable," he says, " that, at the time when z'-umlaut began to operate, the vocalism of Germ. *fastian- etc. had become identical in quality with that of
Page 17 - as such, stands on the same plane as ¿, g. It develops, however, also to a higher grade of palatalization, sf, not simply as a result of position before a palatal vowel, but because of the phonetic nature of the combi-nation. The details in regard to this development are reserved, for convenience, till they can be taken up in con-nection with the examples.
Page 71 - the following cases occur : (A) Godgeocesham (§ 60); gioc; iocled (§ 33); iocleta II. 158.6; (B. i) geocled; iodet. Wolff says (§ 60), "Vor dunkelen Vokalen erscheint in den Urkunden nur ganz selten ein e; die wenigen Fälle sind : gioc (aus juk)