The Papacy and Crusading in Europe, 1198-1245

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Bloomsbury Publishing, Nov 3, 2011 - History - 290 pages
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An 'internal' crusade is defined as a holy war authorized by the pope and fought within Christian Europe against those perceived to be foes of Christendom, either to recover property or in defense of the Church or Christians.  This study is therefore not concerned with those crusades authorized against Muslim enemies in the East and Spain, nor with crusades authorized against pagans on the borders of Europe.

Up to now these crusades have attracted relatively little attention in modern British scholarship. This in spite of their undoubted European-wide significance and an increasing recognition that the period 1198-1245 marks the beginning of a crucial change in papal policy underpinned by canon law. This book discusses the developments through analysis of the extensive source material drawn from unregistered papal letters, placing them firmly in the context of ecclesiastical legislation, canon law, chronicles and other supplementary evidence. It thereby seeks to contribute to our understanding of the complex politics, theology and rhetoric that underlay the papacy's call for crusades within Europe in the first half of the thirteenth century.

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The Early Years of the Albigensian Crusade
The Albigensian Crusade Continues
The Authorization of Crusades Against Heretics in Europe
4Popes and the First Political Crusades
The Primary Sources
The Papacy and Internal Crusades The Current Debate

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About the author (2011)

Dr Rebecca Rist is a lecturer in Medieval History at the University of Reading. Her areas of interest include the crusades, Jewish-Christian relations, the medieval church and the papacy. Recent articles have explored papal policy towards the Albigensian crusades and with regard to crusading and the Jews.

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