Paraguay and the United States: Distant Allies

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University of Georgia Press, Oct 1, 2010 - Political Science - 333 pages
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Ranging from the 1840s through the early twenty-first century, this study of shared political, economic, and cultural histories fills significant gaps in our understanding of Paraguayan-U.S. relations. Frank O. Mora and Jerry W. Cooney tell how an initially rocky beginning between the two countries, marked by diplomatic posturing, shows of military force, and failed business schemes, gave way to a calmer period during which the United States backed Paraguay's territorial claims against its neighbors, prospects grew brighter for American entrepreneurs, and Paraguay embraced Pan-Americanism.

It was not until the 1930s that the two countries engaged in earnest as the United States attempted to mediate the Chaco War between Paraguay and Bolivia. Then, as the authors write, "hemispheric solidarity in World War II, the cold war in Latin America, the 'balance of power' among states in the Río de la Plata, and the question of U.S. support for, or aid to, Latin American dictators" became matters of mutual interest.

The dictatorship of Alfredo Stroessner (1954-89) spanned much of this era, and a shared attitude of realpolitik typified U.S.-Paraguayan relations during his rule. Post-Stroessner, the United States has stood by Paraguay during its transition to democracy, despite lingering concerns about such issues as drug trafficking and intellectual piracy. The countries should grow closer with time, the authors conclude, if Paraguay resists the continent's leftward political shift and remains a solid partner in U.S. antiterror initiatives in South America.

 

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Contents

Introduction
1
1 A Troubled Beginning
5
2 A Distant Relationship
38
3 War and the Search for Peace
66
4 Civil War and Hemispheric Security 19391954
92
Anticommunism 1954 1961
125
6 Alliance for Progress and the Ricord Affair 19621976
160
7 Human Rights and Democracy by Pressure 19771989
193
8 Safeguarding Democracy in Paraguay 19892000
231
9 Epilogue
260
Notes
267
Bibliographical Essay
301
Index
319
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About the author (2010)

Frank O. Mora is a professor of national security strategy at the National War College, National Defense University. His books include Latin American Foreign Policy. Jerry W. Cooney is a professor of history emeritus at the University of Louisville. His books include Campo y frontera: El Paraguay al fin de la era colonial.

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