Participation in Conservation Programs by Targeted Farmers: Beginning, Limited-Resource, and Socially Disadvantaged
Beginning, limited-resource, and socially disadvantaged farmers make up 40% of all U.S. farms. Some Federal conservation programs contain provisions that encourage participation by such ┐targeted┐ farmers. This report compares the natural resource characteristics, resource issues, and conservation treatment costs on farms operated by targeted farmers with those of other participants. Targeted farmers tend to operate more environmentally sensitive land than other farmers, have different conservation priorities, and receive different levels of payments. The different conservation priorities among types of farmers suggest that if a significantly larger proportion of targeted farmers participate in these programs, the programs┐ economic and environmental outcomes could change. Tables and graphs.
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acres enrolled acres operated Agricultural Resource Management Agricultural Statistics Service ARMS data average based on USDA’s beginning and limited-resource beginning farmers conservation practices Conservation Reserve Program contract data Contracts on reservation cropland CRP and WRP CRP or WRP deﬁne Delta region Economic Research Service eligible EQIP contracts EQIP funding EQIP participation ERS calculations based Farm Act farm population farmer status farmers and ranchers farmers operate Farms operated Federal conservation programs ﬁg ﬁnancial highly erodible land retirement programs larger limited-resource farmers limited-resource producers management practices National Agricultural Statistics participate in EQIP participating farmer types Participation in Conservation percent of EQIP percent of U.S. practice adoption program participants Programs by Targeted Quality Incentives Program Reserve Program CRP resource farmers Resource Management Survey signiﬁcant signiﬁcantly small family farms socially disadvantaged farmers soil erosion structural practices Targeted Farmers Participate types of farmers U.S. Department U.S. total USDA Value of production Wetlands Reserve Program