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achieve activities actors administrative Africa agenda Arab States Region areas Asia authority autonomy broader capacity central government Centre challenges chapter citizens city consultation process city-wide civil society organisations co-ordination Colombo context council countries culture decentralisation democratic democratisation dimensions economic effective elected engagement ensure environmental management especially explore facilitate fiscal formal fostering framework functions Global globalisation groups growth Habitat Agenda Harare impact implementation important improve increase infrastructure initiatives innovation institutional institutionalising investment involvement Latin America monitoring municipal government Nairobi neighbourhood NGOs participation participatory approach participatory budgeting participatory governance participatory urban governance partnership Phuket political poor population Porto Alegre practical priorities private sector problems promote provides reform relations responsibilities role service delivery settlements social social capital stakeholders strategic management strategies strengthening structure sustainable traditional trends UNCHS Habitat UNDP urban development Urban Management Programme urban poverty urbanisation World Bank
Page 23 - Schumpeterian tradition, this study defines a twentieth-century political system as democratic to the extent that its most powerful collective decision makers are selected through fair, honest, and periodic elections in which candidates freely compete for votes and in which virtually all the adult population is eligible to vote.
Page 4 - Good Governance is epitomized by predictable, open, and enlightened policymaking (that is, transparent processes); a bureaucracy imbued with a professional ethos; an executive arm of government accountable for its actions; and a strong civil society participating in public affairs; and all behaving under the rule of law.
Page 4 - Good governance is, among other things, participatory, transparent and accountable. It is also effective and equitable. And it promotes the rule of law. Good governance ensures that political, social and economic priorities are based on broad consensus in society and that the voices of the poorest and the most vulnerable are heard in decisionmaking over the allocation of development...
Page 32 - By adopting these Principles, we publicly affirm our belief that corporations have a responsibility for the environment, and must conduct all aspects of their business as responsible stewards of the environment by operating in a manner that protects the Earth.
Page 15 - Such partnerships go beyond complementarity to create synergy, which implies that "civic engagement strengthens state institutions and effective state institutions create an environment in which civic engagement is more likely to thrive" (Putnam, 1993, cited by Evans, 1996).
Page 7 - Globalization, a dominant force in the 20th century's last decade, is shaping a new era of interaction among nations, economies and people. It is increasing the contacts between people across national boundaries — in economy, in technology, in culture and in governance. But it is also fragmenting production processes, labour markets, political entities and societies. So, while globalization has positive, innovative, dynamic aspects — it also has negative, disruptive, marginalizing aspects.
Page 15 - those social organizations, associations and institutions that exist beyond the sphere of direct supervision and control by the...
Page 16 - an alternative development involves a process of social and political empowerment whose long-term objective is to rebalance the structure of power in society by making state action more accountable, strengthening the powers of civil society in the management of its own affairs, and making corporate business more socially responsible.